Renewable energy choice: Cost and energy analysis of grid connected photovoltaic system in Malaysia

Heng, L.C. and Al-Amin, A.Q. and Saidur, R. and Ward, T.A. (2015) Renewable energy choice: Cost and energy analysis of grid connected photovoltaic system in Malaysia. Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy, 34 (3). pp. 866-880. ISSN 1944-7442

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Abstract

Conventional energy production methods rely upon combustion of hydrocarbon fuels, which exhaust gases that can elevate the temperature of the Earth's atmosphere (greenhouse effect). Alternative methods of power generation are being examined that do not have this negative environmental impact. This study investigates the potential use of a residential grid-connected photovoltaic system in the Klang Valley of Malaysia. A 1-4 kW system would be capable of producing a RM 4,542.00 net profit per year, generating a total cash benefit of RM 95,382.00 in its 21 year project lifespan. Moreover, the system would significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions (40,604 kg of carbon dioxide, 258 kg of sulfur dioxide, 120 kg of nitrous oxide, and 23 kg of carbon monoxide) throughout its 21 year project lifespan. The results of this study can be used to formulate effective renewable-energy alternatives in Malaysia and elsewhere. (c) 2014 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Environ Prog, 34: 866-880, 2015

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ISI Document Delivery No.: CJ1GI Times Cited: 0 Cited Reference Count: 49 Cited References: Ahmad S, 2011, RENEW SUST ENERG REV, V15, P897, DOI 10.1016/j.rser.2010.11.009 Al-Amin A.Q., 2009, OPEN RENEWABLE ENERG, V2, P25 Alves LA, 2010, ENERG POLICY, V38, P6204, DOI 10.1016/j.enpol.2010.06.006 Becker B, 2013, ENERG POLICY, V56, P446, DOI 10.1016/j.enpol.2013.01.004 Bernal-Agustin JL, 2006, RENEW ENERG, V31, P1107, DOI 10.1016/j.renene.2005.06.004 Bilgen S., 2012, RENEW SUST ENERG REV, V12, P372 Boyle G., 2004, RENEWABLE ENERGY POW, V2nd BP, 2011, BPS EN OUTL 2030 Chaar LE, 2011, RENEW SUST ENERG REV, V15, P2165 Dedinec A, 2012, THERM SCI, V16, P717, DOI 10.2298/TSCI120202128D Economic Planning Unit Malaysia, 2010, RANC MAL KES 2011 20 Edenhofer O, 2011, IPCC SPECIAL REPORT Energy Commission of Malaysia, 2012, IND PEMB EL MAL Eskeland GS, 2012, ENERG POLICY, V41, P200, DOI 10.1016/j.enpol.2011.10.038 Fernandez-Infantes A, 2006, RENEW ENERG, V31, P2042, DOI 10.1016/j.renene.2005.09.028 GOM, 2013, EN SEC EN DIAL EN EF Haris A.H., 2008, MBIPV PROJECT CATALY HOMER, 2009, EN MOD SOFTW HYBR RE Houghton J.T., 2001, CONTRIBUTION WORKING Ismail Z., 2008, ASIAN J MATH STAT, V1, P139 Jafar AH, 2008, RENEW ENERG, V33, P2229, DOI 10.1016/j.renene.2007.12.014 Johansson TB, 2002, ENERGY SUSTAINABLE D Kahrl F, 2011, ENERG POLICY, V39, P4032, DOI 10.1016/j.enpol.2011.01.031 Kazmerski LL, 2006, J ELECTRON SPECTROSC, V150, P105, DOI 10.1016/j.elspec.2005.09.004 Khan H., 2012, SUSTAINABLE ENERGY E, V3, P103 Lim Y. S., 2008, ENERG POLICY, V36, P2130 Liu G, 2012, ADV MATER RES-SWITZ, V347-353, P715, DOI 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.347-353.715 Lojuntin S.A., 2009, RENEWABLE ENERGY DEV Mahlia TMI, 2003, ENERG CONVERS MANAGE, V44, P723, DOI 10.1016/S0196-8904(02)00085-7 Mahlia TMI, 2011, RENEW SUST ENERG REV, V15, P416, DOI 10.1016/j.rser.2010.07.041 Mahlia TMI, 2002, RENEW ENERG, V27, P293, DOI 10.1016/S0960-1481(01)00177-X Mala K, 2009, RENEW ENERG, V34, P358, DOI 10.1016/j.renene.2008.05.013 Malek B.A., 2011, P GERM SOL TECHN S Messenger R.A., 2004, PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS Muhammad-Sukki F, 2011, ENERG POLICY, V39, P7975, DOI 10.1016/j.enpol.2011.09.052 Nafeh AA, 2009, OPEN RENEWABLE ENERG, V2, P33 Parida B, 2011, RENEW SUST ENERG REV, V15, P1625, DOI 10.1016/j.rser.2010.11.032 Pusat Tenaga Malaysia, 2009, NAT EN BAL MAL Razykov TM, 2011, SOL ENERGY, V85, P1580, DOI 10.1016/j.solener.2010.12.002 Rockett AA, 2010, CURR OPIN SOLID ST M, V14, P117, DOI 10.1016/j.cossms.2010.09.003 Sabine F., 2012, ENERG POLICY, V40, P59 Schaeffer R, 2012, ENERGY, V38, P1, DOI 10.1016/j.energy.2011.11.056 SEDA Malaysia, 2011, FEED TAR FIT RAT Sivaraman D, 2012, ENERG POLICY, V49, P274, DOI 10.1016/j.enpol.2012.06.019 Stern N, 2007, EC CLIMATE CHANGE ST Tenaga Nasional Berhad, 2011, ANN REP TNB SWITCH F Tenaga Nasional Malaysia, 2011, TAR A DOM TAR 2011 Trudgill S.T., 1990, BARRIERS BETTER ENV UN, 2009, MILL DEV GOALS IND Heng, Lim Choong Al-Amin, Abul Quasem Saidur, R. Ward, T. A. Engineering, Faculty /I-7935-2015 Engineering, Faculty /0000-0002-4848-7052 RP015B-13AET The third author (R. Saidur) would like to acknowledge the financial support from the Research Grant no RP015B-13AET to carry out this research. 0 WILEY-BLACKWELL HOBOKEN ENVIRON PROG SUSTAIN
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sustainable energy, photovoltaic system, environmental analysis, economic benefit, policy, electricity-generation, pv systems, emissions,
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2016 01:11
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2016 01:11
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/15684

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