Tailoring fuel properties using jatropha, palm and coconut biodiesel to improve CI engine performance and emission characteristics

Iqbal, Md. Arbab and Varman, Mahendra and Masjuki, Haji Hassan and Kalam, M.A. and Hossain, Sajjad and Sayeed, Imtenan (2015) Tailoring fuel properties using jatropha, palm and coconut biodiesel to improve CI engine performance and emission characteristics. Journal of Cleaner Production, 101. pp. 262-270. ISSN 0959-6526

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.04.011

Abstract

Biodiesel can be used effectively as engine fuel despite several limitations in its fuel properties. A set of experiment was conducted to improve fuel properties by blending palm biodiesel (PB) with coconut biodiesel (CB) and jatropha biodiesel (JB). MATLAB optimization tool was used to identify the optimum blend ratio for good fuel properties. A linear relationship among fuel properties was considered for MATLAB coding. The resulting optimum blend ratio and the equations of the MATLAB code were used to predict the fuel property values and were compared with the experimental values of the optimum blend fuel properties. Two new biodiesel blends were developed, namely, the optimum blends of palm coconut (PC) biodiesels and jatropha palm coconut (JPC) biodiesels. Both biodiesels demonstrated overall improved fuel properties compared with those of the individual biodiesels presented in the blends. Engine performance and emission were tested using 20 blend of each biodiesel (lB, PB, CB, PC, and JPC) with petroleum diesel (OD). The engine performance and emission characteristics for the PC and JPC blends were then compared with those of OD. The average engine power for the blend of 20 JPC biodiesel and 80 OD (JPC20) was maximum at lower fuel consumption than the blend of 20 PC biodiesel and 80 OD (PC20) at full load condition. The emission characteristics of JPC20 were also comparable to or lower than those of OD, except for HC. However, when both engine performance and emission were considered, JPC20 was found to be the best fuel compared with OD and other fuel blends. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ISI Document Delivery No.: CL5GQ Times Cited: 0 Cited Reference Count: 40 Cited References: Ahmed S, 2014, J CLEAN PROD, V79, P74, DOI 10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.05.019 Alptekin E, 2008, RENEW ENERG, V33, P2623, DOI 10.1016/j.renene.2008.02.020 Alptekin E, 2009, FUEL, V88, P75, DOI 10.1016/j.fuel.2008.05.023 Arbab MI, 2013, RENEW SUST ENERG REV, V22, P133, DOI 10.1016/j.rser.2013.01.046 Atabani AE, 2013, RENEW SUST ENERG REV, V18, P211, DOI 10.1016/j.rser.2012.10.013 Benjumea P, 2008, FUEL, V87, P2069, DOI 10.1016/j.fuel.2007.11.004 Bozbas K, 2008, RENEW SUST ENERG REV, V12, P542, DOI 10.1016/j.rser.2005.06.001 Canakci M, 2009, EXPERT SYST APPL, V36, P9268, DOI 10.1016/j.eswa.2008.12.005 da Silva FN, 2003, ENERG CONVERS MANAGE, V44, P2857, DOI 10.1016/S0196-8904(03)00067-0 Dias JM, 2008, FUEL, V87, P3572, DOI 10.1016/j.fuel.2008.06.014 Fattah IMR, 2014, J CLEAN PROD, V79, P82, DOI 10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.05.071 Gerpen J.V., 2005, FUEL PROCESS TECHNOL, V86, P1097, DOI DOI 10.1016/J.FUPROC.2004.11.005 Ghanei R, 2011, FUEL PROCESS TECHNOL, V92, P1593, DOI 10.1016/j.fuproc.2011.04.003 Helwani Z, 2009, FUEL PROCESS TECHNOL, V90, P1502, DOI 10.1016/j.fuproc.2009.07.016 Huang GH, 2010, APPL ENERG, V87, P38, DOI 10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.06.016 Hussan MJ, 2013, J CLEAN PROD, V51, P118, DOI 10.1016/j.jclepro.2013.01.023 Jain S, 2011, FUEL, V90, P3014, DOI 10.1016/j.fuel.2011.05.003 Jie L., 2010, ENERGY FUEL, V24, P2465 Kalam MA, 2003, RENEW ENERG, V28, P2405, DOI 10.1016/S0960-1481(03)00136-8 Kim SY, 2010, J LOSS PREVENT PROC, V23, P166, DOI 10.1016/j.jlp.2009.07.008 Kinoshita E., 2007, 2007012021 SAE Kinoshita E., 2006, 2006013251 SAE Leung DYC, 2010, APPL ENERG, V87, P1083, DOI 10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.10.006 Lichty LC., 1967, COMBUSTION ENGINE PR Manieniyan V., 2008, 2008011577 SAE Mofijur M, 2013, ENERGY, V55, P879, DOI 10.1016/j.energy.2013.02.059 Ono M., 2009, 2009320100 SAE Ozsezen AN, 2010, BIOMASS BIOENERG, V34, P1870, DOI 10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.07.024 Palash SM, 2013, RENEW SUST ENERG REV, V23, P473, DOI 10.1016/j.rser.2013.03.003 Patil PD, 2009, FUEL, V88, P1302, DOI 10.1016/j.fuel.2009.01.016 Rahman MM, 2014, J CLEAN PROD, V65, P304, DOI 10.1016/j.jclepro.2013.08.034 Rakopoulos DC, 2011, FUEL, V90, P3439, DOI 10.1016/j.fuel.2011.06.009 Sahoo PK, 2009, FUEL, V88, P1698, DOI 10.1016/j.fuel.2009.02.015 Sajjad H, 2014, RENEW SUST ENERG REV, V30, P961, DOI 10.1016/j.rser.2013.11.039 Shahabuddin M, 2012, ENRGY PROCED, V14, P1624, DOI 10.1016/j.egypro.2011.12.1143 Sharon H, 2012, RENEW ENERG, V47, P160, DOI 10.1016/j.renene.2012.04.032 Silitonga AS, 2013, RENEW SUST ENERG REV, V24, P514, DOI 10.1016/j.rser.2013.03.044 Silitonga AS, 2011, RENEW SUST ENERG REV, V15, P3733, DOI 10.1016/j.rser.2011.07.011 Tate RE, 2006, FUEL, V85, P1010, DOI 10.1016/j.fuel.2005.10.015 Yusaf TF, 2011, ENERGY, V36, P4871, DOI 10.1016/j.energy.2011.05.032 Iqbal, Md. Arbab Varman, Mahendra Hassan, Masjuki Hj. Kalam, Md. Abul Hossain, Sajjad Sayeed, Imtenan Engineering, Faculty /I-7935-2015 Engineering, Faculty /0000-0002-4848-7052 University of Malaya UM.C/HIR/MOHE/ENG/07; Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) FP051-2014B The authors would like to acknowledge University of Malaya for financial support through High Impact Research grant titled: "Clean Diesel Technology for Military and Civilian Transport Vehicles" having grant number UM.C/HIR/MOHE/ENG/07 and also the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) having grant number: FP051-2014B. 0 ELSEVIER SCI LTD OXFORD J CLEAN PROD
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel; Fuel properties; Optimum blend; Engine performance; Engine emission
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2016 01:07
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2018 02:28
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/15656

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