Basic effects of pulp refining on fiber properties- a review

Gharehkhani, S. and Sadeghinezhad, E. and Kazi, S.N. and Yarmand, H. and Badarudin, A. and Safaei, M.R. and Zubir, M.N. (2015) Basic effects of pulp refining on fiber properties- a review. Carbohydrate Polymers, 115. pp. 785-803. ISSN 0144-8617

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Abstract

The requirement for high quality pulps which are widely used in paper industries has increased the demand for pulp refining (beating) process. Pulp refining is a promising approach to improve the pulp quality by changing the fiber characteristics. The diversity of research on the effect of refining on fiber properties which is due to the different pulp sources, pulp consistency and refining equipment has interested us to provide a review on the studies over the last decade. In this article, the influence of pulp refining on structural properties i.e., fibrillations, fine formation, fiber length, fiber curl, crystallinity and distribution of surface chemical compositions is reviewed. The effect of pulp refining on electrokinetic properties of fiber e. g., surface and total charges of pulps is discussed. In addition, an overview of different refining theories, refiners as well as some tests for assessing the pulp refining is presented. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 0 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pulp refining, Beating, Refiner, Structural properties, Electrokinetic properties,
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2015 04:15
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2015 04:02
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/13930

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