Physicochemical characterization and thermal behavior of biodiesel and biodiesel diesel blends derived from crude Moringa peregrina seed oil

Salaheldeen, M.; Aroua, M.K.; Mariod, A.A.; Cheng, S.F.; Abdelrahman, M.A.; Atabani, A.E. (2015) Physicochemical characterization and thermal behavior of biodiesel and biodiesel diesel blends derived from crude Moringa peregrina seed oil. Energy Conversion and Management, 92. pp. 535-542. ISSN 0196-8904

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    Abstract

    Moringaceae is a monogeneric family with a single genus i.e. Moringa. This family includes 13 species. All these species are known as medicinal, nutritional and water purification agents. This study reports, for the first time, on characterization of the biodiesel derived from crude Moringa peregrina seed oil and its blends with diesel. The crude oil was converted to biodiesel by the transesterification reaction, catalyzed by potassium hydroxide. High ester content (97.79) was obtained. M. peregrina biodiesel exhibited high oxidative stability (24.48 h). Moreover, the major fuel properties of M. peregrina biodiesel conformed to the ASTM D6751 standards. However, kinematic viscosity (4.6758 mm(2)/s), density (876.2 kg/m(3)) and flash point (156.5 degrees C) were found higher than that of diesel fuel. In addition, the calorific value of M. peregrina biodiesel (40.119 MJ/kg) was lower than the diesel fuel. The fuel properties of M. peregrina biodiesel were enhanced significantly by blending with diesel fuel. In conclusion, M. peregrina is a suitable feedstock for sustainable production of biodiesel only blended up to 20 with diesel fuel, considering the edibility of all other parts of this tree. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Item Type: Article
    Creators:
    1. Salaheldeen, M.(Univ Malaya, Dept Chem Engn, Fac Engn, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia)
    2. Aroua, M.K.(Univ Malaya, Dept Chem Engn, Fac Engn, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia)
    3. Mariod, A.A.(King Abdulaziz Univ, Coll Sci & Arts Alkamil, Alkamil, Saudi Arabia)
    4. Cheng, S.F.(Univ Malaya, Dept Chem, Unit Res Lipids, Fac Sci, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia)
    5. Abdelrahman, M.A.( Sudan Univ Sci & Technol, Fac Sci, Dept Chem, Khartoum, Sudan)
    6. Atabani, A.E.(Erciyes Univ, Fac Engn, Dept Mech Engn, TR-38039 Kayseri, Turkey)
    Journal or Publication Title: Energy Conversion and Management
    Additional Information: Times Cited: 0 0
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Moringa peregrina, Biodiesel, Fuel properties, Thermal stability,
    Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
    T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
    T Technology > TP Chemical technology
    Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
    Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
    Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2015 08:29
    Last Modified: 21 Sep 2015 08:29
    URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/13882

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