Biodiesel production, characterization, diesel engine performance, and emission characteristics of methyl esters from aphanamixis polystachya oil of Bangladesh

Palash, S.M. and Masjuki, Haji Hassan and Kalam, M.A. and Atabani, A.E. and Fattah, I.M.R. and Sanjid, Ahmed (2015) Biodiesel production, characterization, diesel engine performance, and emission characteristics of methyl esters from aphanamixis polystachya oil of Bangladesh. Energy Conversion and Management, 91. pp. 149-157. ISSN 0196-8904

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2014.12.009

Abstract

This paper presents the prospect of biodiesel derived from Aphanamixis polystachya oil in diesel engine. The study deals with the physicochemical properties of A. polystachya methyl ester (APME) and its blends followed by evaluation of performance and emission characteristics of APME5 and APME10 in a multi-cylinder diesel engine. It has been observed that the properties of biodiesel and its blends are compatible with the ASTM D6751 and ASTM D7467 standards, respectively. It was found that, APME5 and APME10 showed an average 0.9 and 1.81 reduction in torque and 0.9 and 2.1 reduction in brake power (BP), and 0.87 and 1.78 increase in brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) compared to diesel. In the case of engine emissions, diesel blends of APME gave an average reduction in carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbon (HC) emissions compared to pure diesel. However, APME blends emitted higher levels of nitrous oxide compared to diesel. It was found that APME5 and APME10 could be used as a diesel fuel substitute without any engine modifications. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Ca4pm Times Cited:0 Cited References Count:44
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aphanamixis polystachya; Diesel engine; Biodiesel properties; Engine performance
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2015 01:58
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2018 02:04
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/13777

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