Biogasoline: An out-of-the-box solution to the food-for-fuel and land-use competitions

Hassan, S.N. and Sani, Y.M. and Abdul Raman, A.A. and Sulaiman, N.M.N. and Daud, W.M.A.W. (2015) Biogasoline: An out-of-the-box solution to the food-for-fuel and land-use competitions. Energy Conversion and Management, 89. pp. 349-367. ISSN 0196-8904

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Abstract

Societal developments are hinged on the energy supplied by fossil fuels. However, the supply of these fuels is finite in the foreseeable future. This is aside the associated environmental degradation and economic sustainability of these fuels. These negative consequences and challenges spurred the search for sustainable energy sources such as biofuels. However, affordable feedstocks and efficient synthesis for renewable fuels remain indispensable and yet challenging line of research. Therefore, breakthroughs in plant biotechnology and mass production are essential prerequisites for ensuring the sustainability of biofuels as alternatives to petroleum-based energy. Conversely, public outcry concerning the food-for-fuel conflicts and land-use change hinder the popularity of such biofuel energy sources. Therefore, this paper reviewed the prospects of biogasoline production as sustainable alternative to ethanol and a compliment to biodiesel. Apart from reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, biogasoline promises to be cheaper and more environmental friendly. Further, inedible feedstocks such as microalgae and rubber seed oil would ensure higher net energy gain. Consequently, these will help resolve the food-for-fuel conflicts and land-use competitions. However, achieving the biofuel central policy depends on advances in processing the renewable energy sources. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Aw9bh Times Cited:0 Cited References Count:156
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biogasoline, bioethanol, biodiesel, food-for-fuel, microalgae, rubber seed oil, rubber seed oil, greenhouse-gas emissions, liquid-hydrocarbon fuels, realistic fcc conditions, catalytic conversion, biodiesel production, vegetable-oils, diesel-engine, palm oil, ethanol-production,
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2015 00:51
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2017 08:48
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/13774

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