Strategy for the biotransformation of fermented palm oil mill effluent into biodegradable polyhydroxyalkanoates by activated sludge

Lee, W.S. and Chua, A.S.M. and Yeoh, H.K. and Nittami, T. and Ngoh, G.C. (2015) Strategy for the biotransformation of fermented palm oil mill effluent into biodegradable polyhydroxyalkanoates by activated sludge. Chemical Engineering Journal, 269. pp. 288-297. ISSN 1385-8947

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Abstract

Management of wastewater by resource recovery approach allows the transformation of wastewater into valuable resources. This work examines the biotransformation of fermented palm oil mill effluent (POME) into biodegradable plastics - polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) - through cultivation and enrichment of PHA-accumulating organisms in activated sludge and the subsequent production of PHA by the cultivated sludge. Enrichment of PHA-accumulating organisms via aerobic dynamic feeding process was effective and had significantly enhanced the PHA storage capacity of the sludge (wt PHA per sludge dry weight) from 4 wt (seed sludge) to 40-64 wt (sludge cultivated for 50 days and more). The cultivated sludge comprised of 42 +/- 12 Betaproteobacteria, 35 +/- 7 Alphaproteobacteria, and 13 4 Gammaproteobacteria, as estimated by fluorescent in situ hybridization. The influence of pH (4.5 in the absence of pH control; and pH 7,8 and 9) on the production of PHA by the cultivated sludge was subsequently investigated. Neutral pH was the most favorable for PHA production, resulting in a PHA content of 64 wt in 8 h. The PHA produced was made up of 77 mol 3-hydroxybutyrate and 23 mol 3-hydroxyvalerate. These findings signify that the combination of fermented POME and activated sludge offers an alternative to the palm oil and the plastics industries for a more sustainable POME management and an economical PHA production route. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Ce4kw Times Cited:0 Cited References Count:52
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aerobic dynamic feeding, feast and famine, palm oil mill effluent, polyhydroxyalkanoates, resource recovery, volatile fatty acids, sequencing batch reactor, municipal waste-water, volatile fatty-acids, sugar-cane molasses, organic load rate, mixed cultures, pha production, nile blue, microbial community, polymer production,
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2015 01:55
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2015 01:55
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/13744

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