Electrophoretic deposition of magnesium silicates on titanium implants: Ion migration and silicide interfaces

Afshar-Mohajer, M. and Yaghoubi, A. and Ramesh, S. and Bushroa, A.R. and Chin, K.M.C. and Tin, C.C. and Chiu, W.S. (2014) Electrophoretic deposition of magnesium silicates on titanium implants: Ion migration and silicide interfaces. Applied Surface Science, 301. pp. 1-6. ISSN 0169-4332

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...

Abstract

Magnesium silicates (MgxSiOy) and in particular forsterite (Mg2SiO4) owing to their low thermal expansion mismatch with metals are promising materials for bioactive coating of implants. Here, we report the electrophoretic deposition (EPD) of forsterite onto titanium substrates using different precursors. Unlike bulk samples which achieve full stoichiometry only beyond 1400 °C, non-stoichiometric magnesium silicate rapidly decomposes into magnesium oxide nanowires during sintering. Elemental mapping and X-ray diffraction suggest that oxygen diffusion followed by ion exchange near the substrate leads to formation of an interfacial Ti5Si3 layer. Pre-annealed forsterite powder on the other hand shows a comparatively lower diffusion rate. Overall, magnesium silicate coatings do not exhibit thermally induced microcracks upon sintering as opposed to calcium phosphate bioceramics which are currently in use.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ceramic–metal interface; Bioactive coating; Forsterite; Magnesium oxide; Ion-exchange decomposition; Diffusion
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2015 08:39
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2015 08:39
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/11817

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