Knee joint stress analysis in standing

Oshkour, A.A. and Abu Osman, Noor Azuan and Davoodi, M.M. and Bayat, M. and Yau, Y.H. and Wan Abas, Wan Abu Bakar (2011) Knee joint stress analysis in standing. In: 5th Kuala Lumpur International Conference on Biomedical Engineering, BIOMED 2011, Held in Conjunction with the 8th Asian Pacific Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering, APCMBE 2011, 2011, Kuala Lumpur.

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Assessment of the stress distribution in the tibiofemoral joint during standing on both legs was the aim of the present work. The finite element method was employed to perform the current study. A compressive load of half of body weight (250N) was applied to the femur head. The cartilages perfectly attached to femur and tibia; and while the femur and menisci were allowed vertical motion, the tibia was fixed at its end. The tibiofemoral joint components were considered linear elastic material. Computed tomography images were used to create subject-specific three-dimensional models of tibiofemoral joints in the commercial finite element software package ABAQUS v6.7. Mechanical responses, such as contact pressures and compressive stresses of the joint, were measured. It was found during the standing the lateral side of tibiofemoral joint carry out more stress rather than medial part. Moreover, the contact area of the lateral side is larger than the medial side.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Conference code: 85436 Export Date: 24 February 2014 Source: Scopus Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Oshkour, A. A.; Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: References: Guo, Y., Zhang, X., Chen, W., Three-Dimensional Finite Element Simulation of Total Knee Joint in Gait Cycle (2009) Acta Mech Solida Sin, 22, pp. 347-351; Masouros, S.D., Bull, A.M.J., Amis, A.A., Biomechanics of the knee joint (2010) JOT, 24, pp. 84-91; Goldblatt, J.P., Richmond, J.C., Anatomy and biomechanics of the knee (2003) Operative Techniques in Sports Medicine, 11 (3), pp. 172-186. , DOI 10.1053/otsm.2003.35911; Abu Osman, N.A., Spence, W.D., Solomonidis, S.E., Paul, J.P., Weir, A.M., (2010) The Patellar Tendon Bar! Is It a Necessary Feature?, 32, pp. 760-765; Gruionu, L.G., Gruionu, G., Pastrama, S., Iliescu, N., Avramescu, T., Contact Studies between Total Knee Replacement Components Developed Using Explicit Finite Elements Analysis (2009) Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, pp. 316-322. , London, UK, Springer-Verlag. 2009; Halloran, J.P., Clary, C.W., Maletsky, L.P., Taylor, M., Petrella, A.J., Verification of Predicted Knee Replacement Kinematics during Simulated Gait in the Kansas Knee Simulator (2010) Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 132, pp. 81010-81016; Halloran, J.P., Petrella, A.J., Rullkoetter, P.J., Explicit finite element modeling of total knee replacement mechanics (2005) Journal of Biomechanics, 38 (2), pp. 323-331. , DOI 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2004.02.046, PII S0021929004000922; Katsuhara, T., Sakaguchi, J., Hirokawa, S., A 3D model analysis for developing multifunctional knee prosthesis, World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering 2006 (2006) IFMBE Proceedings, Seoul, Korea, pp. 3177-3181. , Magjarevic R, Nagel JH, editors. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. 2006; Li, G., Gil, J., Kanamori, A., Woo, S.L.-Y., A validated three-dimensional computational model of a human knee joint (1999) Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 121 (6), pp. 657-662; Mesfar, W., Shirazi-Adl, A., Biomechanics of the knee joint in flexion under various quadriceps forces (2005) Knee, 12 (6), pp. 424-434. , DOI 10.1016/j.knee.2005.03.004, PII S096801600500061X; Beillas, P., Papaioannou, G., Tashman, S., Yang, K.H., A new method to investigate in vivo knee behavior using a finite element model of the lower limb (2004) Journal of Biomechanics, 37 (7), pp. 1019-1030. , DOI 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2003.11.022, PII S0021929003004354; X-s, Z., Guo, Y., Chen, W., 3-D Finite Element Method Modeling and Contact Pressure Analysis of the Total Knee Joint in Flexion (2009) 3rd International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, Beijing, China, 2009, pp. 1-3
Uncontrolled Keywords: Compressive Stress, Contact Pressure, Finite element Method, Tibiofermoral Joint, Body weight, Compressive loads, Computed Tomography, Contact areas, Contact pressures, Finite Element, Finite element software, Knee joint, Linear elastic material, Mechanical response, Subject-specific, Three-dimensional model, Tibio-femoral joints, Vertical motions, ABAQUS, Biomedical engineering, Bone, Computer software, Computerized tomography, Stress analysis, Stress concentration, Tensile stress, Three dimensional, Tomography, Joints (anatomy).
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2014 01:33
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2019 08:46

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