Evaluation of permanent deformation characteristics of unmodified and Polyethylene Terephthalate modified asphalt mixtures using dynamic creep test

Moghaddam, Taher Baghaee and Soltani, Mehrtash and Karim, Mohamed Rehan (2014) Evaluation of permanent deformation characteristics of unmodified and Polyethylene Terephthalate modified asphalt mixtures using dynamic creep test. Materials & Design, 53. pp. 317-324. ISSN 0261-3069, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2013.07.015.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2013.07.015


One of the major types of plastics that can be found in Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) which is a non-biodegradable semi-crystalline thermoplastic polymer, and is considered as polyester material. Generating large amount of waste PET, mainly as bottles, would cause environmental hazards by disposing in landfills. This paper aims to evaluate effects of utilizing waste PET flakes as modifier in asphalt mixture as an alternative solution to overcome the potential risks arise from producing large amount of waste PET as well as evaluating the deformation characteristics of unmodified and PET modified asphalt mixtures. To achieve this aim, different percentages of PET were designated for this investigation, namely: 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1 by weight of aggregate particles, and dynamic creep test was performed at different stress levels (300. kPa and 400. kPa) and temperatures (10. °C, 25. °C and 40. °C). Consequently, Zhou three-stage model was developed. The results showed that permanent deformation characteristics of asphalt mixture were considerably improved by utilization of PET modification, when the permanent strain was remarkably decreased in PET modified mixture compared to the conventional mixture at all stress levels and temperatures. Besides, based on Zhou model, it was concluded that elastic and visco-elastic properties of asphalt mixture were improved by application of PET modification. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Export Date: 16 December 2013 Source: Scopus Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Baghaee Moghaddam, T.; Center for Transportation Research, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: p.baghaee@gmail.com References: Li, Y., White, D.J., Lee Peyton, R., Composite material from fly ash and post-consumer PET (1998) Resour Conserv Recycl, 24, pp. 87-93; Shukla, S.R., Harad, A.M., Aminolysis of polyethylene terephthalate waste (2006) Polym Degrad Stabil, 91, pp. 1850-1854; Torres, N., Robin, J.J., Boutevin, B., Study of thermal and mechanical properties of virgin and recycled poly(ethylene therephtalate) before and after injection molding (2000) Eur Polym J, 36, pp. 2075-2080; Navarro, R., Ferrándiz, S., López, J., Seguí, V.J., The influence of polyethylene in the mechanical recycling of polyethylene terephtalate (2008) J Mater Process Technol, 195, pp. 110-116; Moghaddam, T.B., Karim, M.R., Abdelaziz, M., A review on fatigue and rutting performance of asphalt mixes (2011) Sci Res Essays, 6, pp. 670-682; Tayfur, S., Ozen, H., Aksoy, A., Investigation of rutting performance of asphalt mixtures containing polymer modifiers (2007) Constr Build Mater, 21, pp. 328-337; Mokhtari, A., Moghadas Nejad, F., Mechanistic approach for fiber and polymer modified SMA mixtures (2012) Constr Build Mater, 36, pp. 381-390; Al-Hadidy, A.I., Yi-qiu, T., Mechanistic approach for polypropylene-modified flexible pavements (2009) J Mater Des, 30, pp. 1133-1140; Casey, D., McNally, C., Gibney, A., Gilchrist, M.D., Development of a recycled polymer modified binder for use in stone mastic asphalt (2008) Resour Conserv Recycl, 52, pp. 1167-1174; Hinislioǧlu, S., Agar, E., Use of waste high density polyethylene as bitumen modifier in asphalt concrete mix (2004) Mater Lett, 58, pp. 267-271; Arabani, M., Mirabdolazimi, S.M., Sasani, A.R., The effect of waste tire thread mesh on the dynamic behaviour of asphalt mixtures (2010) Constr Build Mater, 24, pp. 1060-1068; Asaad, J.N., Tawfik, S.Y., Polymeric composites based on polystyrene and cement dust wastes (2011) J Mater Des, 32, pp. 5113-5119; Khodaii, A., Mehrara, A., Evaluation of permanent deformation of unmodified and SBS modified asphalt mixtures using dynamic creep test (2009) Constr Build Mater, 23, pp. 2586-2592; Kennepohl, G.J., Davidson, J.K., Introduction of stone mastic asphalt in Ontario (1992) J Assoc Asphalt Paving Technol, 61, pp. 517-534; Brown, E.R., Mallick, R.B., Haddock, J.E., Bukowski, J., (1997) Performance of stone matrix asphalt (SMA) mixtures in the United States. 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Uncontrolled Keywords: Modified asphalt mixture; Permanent deformation; Stress level; Temperature; Waste Polyethylene Terephthalate; Deformation Characteristics; Modified asphalts; Municipal solid waste (MSW); Permanent deformations; Polyethylene terephthalates (PET); Semi-crystalline thermoplastic polymers; Stress levels; Waste polyethylene terephthalates; Agglomeration; Asphalt mixtures; Biodegradable polymers; Creep; Mixtures; Municipal solid waste; Polyethylene terephthalates
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2014 02:27
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2019 05:36
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/8760

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