Vanillin as an antidote for box jellyfish (chironex fleckeri) envenomation

Vejayan, J. and Mustafa, A.M. and Othman, I. and Mustafa, Mohd Rais (2007) Vanillin as an antidote for box jellyfish (chironex fleckeri) envenomation. Malaysian Journal of Science, 26 (2). pp. 47-56. ISSN 1394-3065,

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL:


The phenolic compound, vanillin was tested and found to have potential anti-toxin activity against Chironex fleckeri toxin. Anti-toxin experiment conducted by premixing toxin and vanillin prior to intraperitoneal injection into mice showed that vanillin was able to completely neutralize the toxin in all 10 mice tested. It was also discovered that 0.5mg vanillin could 'rescue' 7 out of the 10 mice previously envenomed with 68µg/kg of toxin. Haemolysis assay performed showed vanillin was capable of neutralizing the haemolytic effect of the toxin in a concentration-dependent fashion. The IC value of vanillin incubated with toxin at dilution giving 50 lysis (EC) was determined to be 0.8mg/µg. Pharmacological studies using isolated rat aorta showed that 2µM of vanillin was able to completely reverse the contraction induced by 0.1mg/ml toxin.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Vanillin, Chironex Fleckeri, Jellyfish, Envenomation, Anti-Toxin
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Haslinda Lahuddin
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2013 01:50
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2020 01:43

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item