Utilization of oil palm kernel shell as lightweight aggregate in concrete - a review

Alengaram, Ubagaram Johnson and Muhit, B.A.A and Jumaat, Mohd Zamin (2013) Utilization of oil palm kernel shell as lightweight aggregate in concrete - a review. Construction and Building Materials, 38. pp. 161-172. ISSN 0950-0618, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.08.026.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.08.026


This paper reviews previous research carried out on the use of oil palm kernel shell (OPKS) as lightweight aggregate (LWA). OPKS is a waste material obtained during the extraction of palm oil by crushing of the palm nut in the palm oil mills. It is one of the most abundantly produced waste materials in South East Asia and Africa; OPKS has been experimented in research as lightweight aggregates (LWAs) to produce lightweight concrete (LWC) since 1984 and today there are many researchers working in this area. In this paper the physical and mechanical properties of OPKS are summarized along with mechanical, durability and functional properties and structural behavior of OPKS concrete (OPKSC). Recent papers on foamed and fiber reinforced OPKSC are also included. It is seen from the results that OPKSC has comparable mechanical properties and structural behavior to normal weight concrete (NWC). Recent investigation on the use of crushed OPKS shows that OPKSC can be produced to medium and high strength concrete. Sustainability issues combined with higher ductility and aggregate interlock characteristics of OPKSC compared to NCW has resulted in many researchers conducting further investigation on the use of OPKS as LWA.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Export Date: 6 January 2013 Source: Scopus CODEN: CBUME Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Alengaram, U.J.; Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: ujohnrose@yahoo.com References: Chandra, S., Berntsson, L., (2003) Lightweight Aggregate Concrete - Science, Technology, and Applications, , William Andrew Publishing Norwich, New York; Teo, D.C.L., Mannan, M.A., Kurian, V.J., Ganapathy, C., Lightweight concrete made from oil palm shell (OPS): Structural bond and durability properties (2007) Build Environ, 42 (7), pp. 2614-2621; Okpala, D.C., Palm kernel shell as a lightweight aggregate in concrete (1990) Build Environ, 25 (4), pp. 291-296; Teo, D.C.L., Mannan, M.A., Kurian, V.J., Structural concrete using oil palm shell (OPS) as lightweight aggregate, Turkish (2006) J Eng Environ Sci, 30, pp. 1-7; Mannan, M.A., Alexander, J., Ganapathy, C., Teo, D.C.L., Quality improvement of oil palm shell (OPS) as coarse aggregate in lightweight concrete (2006) Build. 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Uncontrolled Keywords: Functional properties, Lightweight aggregate, Mechanical properties, Oil palm kernel shell, Structural behavior, Aggregate interlocks, Fiber reinforced, High strength concretes, Light weight aggregate, Normal weight concrete, Oil palm, Palm oil, Physical and mechanical properties, Southeast Asia, Structural behaviors, Sustainability issues, Concrete aggregates, Reinforced concrete Research, Vegetable oils, Aggregates.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2013 01:10
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2019 09:14
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/5854

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