X-ray Analysis of ZnO Nanoparticles by Williamson-Hall and Size-Strain Plot Methods

Khorsand Zak, A. and Abd Majid, Wan Haliza and Abrishami, M.E. and Yousefi, R. (2011) X-ray Analysis of ZnO Nanoparticles by Williamson-Hall and Size-Strain Plot Methods. Solid State Sciences, 13 (1). pp. 251-256. ISSN 12932558, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solidstatesciences.2010.11.024.

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ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) were prepared by a sol-gel combustion method from a zinc acetate precursor and acetic acid. The ZnO-NPs were synthesized at calcination temperatures of 650 °C and 750 °C for 1 h. The synthesized ZnO-NPs were characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) and TEM. The XRD results revealed that the sample product was crystalline with a hexagonal wurtzite phase. High-magnification transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed single-crystal ZnO-NPs with nearly spherical shapes. The crystalline development in the ZnO-NPs was investigated by X-ray peak broadening. The Williamson-Hall (W-H) analysis and size-strain plot method were used to study the individual contributions of crystallite sizes and lattice strain on the peak broadening of the ZnO-NPs. The physical parameters such as strain, stress and energy density values were calculated more precisely for all the reflection peaks of XRD corresponding to the wurtzite hexagonal phase of ZnO lying in the range of 20°-100° from the modified form of the W-H plot assuming a uniform deformation model (UDM), uniform stress deformation model (USDM), uniform deformation energy density model (UDEDM) and by the size-strain plot method (SSP). The results obtained showed that the mean particle size of the ZnO-NPs estimated from the TEM, W-H analysis and the SSP method were highly intercorrelated. © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanoparticle Sol-gel synthesis X-ray analysis ZnO Calcination temperature Energy density Hexagonal phase Hexagonal wurtzite Lattice strain Mean particle size Peak broadening Physical parameters Reflection peaks Sol-gel combustion method Spherical shape TEM Uniform deformation Uniform stress Williamson-Hall Wurtzites X ray peak broadening XRD Zinc acetate precursor ZnO nanoparticles Acetic acid Calcination Crystalline materials Crystallite size Deformation Gels Nanoparticles Sol-gel process Sol-gels Sols Transmission electron microscopy X ray diffraction X ray diffraction analysis X rays Zinc oxide Zinc sulfide Particle size analysis
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Physics
Depositing User: miss munirah saadom
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2013 15:18
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2019 07:59
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/5727

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