Antibacterial effect of chlorine dioxide and hyaluronate on dental biofilm

Al-Bayaty, F. and Taiyeb-ali, T. and Abdulla, M.A. and Hashim, F. (2010) Antibacterial effect of chlorine dioxide and hyaluronate on dental biofilm. African Journal of Microbiology Research, 4 (14). pp. 1525-1531. ISSN 1996-0808,

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The objective of this study is to investigate antimicrobial action of chlorine dioxide (ClO(2)) gel and hyaluronate gel (Gengigel (R)) on dental biofilm. Pooled supra and subgingival dental biofilm were obtained from healthy individuals and incubated aerobically and anaerobically. Plaque bacteria investigated including Streptococcus constellatus, Streptococcus mitis, Eikenella corrodens, Fusobacterium nucleatum, dental plaque pool samples (aerobic and anaerobic) and Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli as internal control microorganisms. All bacteria were grown in Brain Heart Infusion (BHI) broth and the clinical isolate strains were sub-cultured on BHI agar. Single pure colonies of bacteria were transferred into fresh BHI broth and incubated overnight. Bacterial counting was done using hemocytometer. Antibacterial activities were determined using bacteria grown on Mueller Hinton II agar and antimicrobial disc diffusion susceptibility testing with paper discs impregnated with ClO(2) and Hyaluronate gels as well as by minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) test. Bacterial morphological alterations following treatment with ClO(2) and Hyaluronate gels were viewed under Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) at 3500x, 10000 x and 20000x magnification. Positive results were obtained with disc diffusion technique whereby both agents exhibited antibacterial action against the microorganisms tested. ClO(2) gel produced large diameter inhibition zones while Hyaluronate gel resulted in smaller diameter inhibition zones. In MIC test the lowest MIC value of ClO2 gel (0.02 w/v) was obtained for S. aureus, S. mitis and S. constellatus. The other bacteria and pool samples of dental biofilm indicated slightly higher MIC values (0.2 w/v) for ClO(2) gel. However, MIC values for Hyaluronate gel could not be determined. Under SEM, ClO(2) gel produced obvious alterations to the bacterial morphology while no changes were observed after treatment with hyaluronate gel. Chlorine dioxide gel demonstrated stronger and obvious antibacterial activity.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 3 --> *Corresponding author. E-mail: Tel: 00603-55435. Fax: 00603-55435803.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chlorine dioxide gel Dental biofilm Gengigel ® Bacteria (microorganisms) Eikenella corrodens Escherichia coli Fusobacterium nucleatum Staphylococcus aureus Streptococcus constellatus Streptococcus mitis
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry > Dept of Oral Pathology & Oral Medicine & Periodontology
Depositing User: Mr Ahmad Azwan Azman
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2012 06:31
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2014 03:39

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