Hydroxyurea associated ileocecal valve ulcer: Evidence for causality

Jayaraman, Thevaraajan and Rajaram, Ruveena Bhavani and Gan, Gin Gin and Hilmi, Ida Normiha (2021) Hydroxyurea associated ileocecal valve ulcer: Evidence for causality. Intestinal Research, 19 (4). pp. 468-471. ISSN 1598-9100, DOI https://doi.org/10.5217/ir.2020.00099.

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Hydroxyurea is an antimetabolite drug that is commonly used in many hematological disorders. Ulcer formation in the gastrointestinal tract is a rare phenomenon associated with this drug. We report a case of a 73-year-old woman who was found to have an isolated ileocecal valve ulcer while on hydroxyurea 1 g daily for essential thrombocythemia. A comprehensive evaluation ruled out all other causes. The cytoreductive therapy was switched to anagrelide and the endoscopic evaluation 6 months later showed complete healing of the ulcer. However, the hydroxyurea was resumed due to increasing platelet counts and intolerance to dose increments of the anagrelide. Subsequently, the patient was found to have a recurrence of the ulcer. Apart from oral ulcers, there have also been reports of ulcers involving the small bowel and the colon associated with the use of hydroxyurea. The pathophysiology of the non-oral gastrointestinal ulceration in relation to this drug is unclear. Withdrawal of the drug typically leads to complete resolution. Increasing awareness of the rare association between the use of hydroxyurea and non-oral gastrointestinal ulcers is essential for early detection to prevent related complications. (Intest Res 2021;19:468–471) © 2021. Korean Association for the Study of Intestinal Diseases. All rights reserved. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hydroxyurea;Ulcer;Gastrointestinal tract;Essential thrombocythemia
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2022 06:56
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2022 06:56
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/35695

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