Sociodemographic determinants of health care expenditure: Micro level evidence of a fast-growing developing country

Cheah, Yong Kang and Goh, Kim-Leng and Abdul Adzis, Azira (2021) Sociodemographic determinants of health care expenditure: Micro level evidence of a fast-growing developing country. International Journal of Social Economics, 48 (4). pp. 640-656. ISSN 0306-8293, DOI

Full text not available from this repository.


Purpose The objective of this study is to examine the sociodemographic factors that are associated with health care expenditure among households in Malaysia. Design/methodology/approach This study examines health care participation decision and amount of expenditure using the exponential Type 2 Tobit model. A dataset of a large sample (n = 14,838) that is nationally representative is used. Findings The results suggest that household size, location of residence as well as age, education and marital status of the household heads are significantly associated with household expenditure on health care. Health care expenditure increases with the age and educational attainment of household heads, whereas those who are being employed and residing in rural areas have lower health care expenditure. Although larger households are more likely to consume health care than smaller households, they spend less on health care. Furthermore, marital status does not affect the participation decision of health care expenditure, but the variable is associated with the decision on the amount of the expenditure. Practical implications The results provide insights into groups of population that can be targeted for healthcare intervention programmes and policy design. Originality/value This study is the first to our knowledge to use a microeconometric approach to analyse the health care participation as well as its level of expenditure among households in Malaysia.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) - Ministry of Education Malaysia [KOD SO 14218]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Age; Developing countries; Education; Health expenditure; Household
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > Business
Divisions: Faculty of Business and Economics > Department of Economics and Applied Statistics
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2022 08:05
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2022 08:05

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item