Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis of PERMA for Chinese University EFL students in higher education

Yang, Lan and Mohd, Rashid Bin Saad (2021) Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis of PERMA for Chinese University EFL students in higher education. International Journal of Language Education, 5 (2). pp. 51-62. ISSN 2548-8457, DOI https://doi.org/10.26858/ijole.v5i2.16837.

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The purpose of this research is mainly to explore the validity and reliability of PERMA instruments to determine the nature of PERMA for Chinese university EFL students. A total of 309 Chinese university EFL students from 10 universities in Gansu province were investigated. Selected by cluster random sampling, the extracted data from the survey design underwent exploratory factor analysis(EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis(CFA) with the use of SPSS version 24 and AMOS version 23 to verify the factor structure of the PERMA. The results of EFA indicate similar structures from prior research and the present study. The CFA results testify that the PERMA instrument is satisfactory for Chinese university EFL students. Therefore, this research indicates that the PERMA of Chinese university EFL students also has a five-factor structure, which implies the perceived PERMA in the Chinese university EFL context to be adequately invariant and is an effective measurement tool supporting the research of Chinese university students' well-being. The findings highlight the significance of validating and confirming the PERMA structure and provide new insights into its application across different cultural contexts.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: PERMA; Validity and reliability; Factor analysis; Chinese University EFL students; Higher Education
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions: Faculty of Education
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 09 May 2022 02:33
Last Modified: 09 May 2022 02:33
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/34997

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