Alor Setar as a commercial centre before the British intervention, 1735-1909

Nur Najwa, Yusof and Ahmad Kamal Ariffin, Mohd Rus and Noor Ain, Mat Noor (2021) Alor Setar as a commercial centre before the British intervention, 1735-1909. Jebat-Malaysian Journal of History Politics and Strategic Studies, 48 (2). pp. 164-189. ISSN 0126-5644,

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This article will approach the development of Alor Setar as a commercial centre in the era between 1735-1909. Within this context, the advancement of this city will be plotted from the aspect of the commercial activities being conducted as well as the factors that triggered the growth of a better and rapid-growing Alor Setar. This study uses the qualitative measurement which involves the collection and data analysis from primary sources obtained from the National Archive of Malaysia such as letters sent by Sultan Muhammad Jiwa to Francis Light, Reminders from the Rulers of Kedah, Sultan Abdul Hamid's Letters and CO 716, Kedah/Perlis Sessional Papers, 19051937. The outcome of this study shows that since the year of 1735, when Alor Setar began its operation as the state administration centre, the city had become the hub for local people and also foreigners. Within this period of time, there was evidence of hasty trading activities between Alor Setar and foreign traders from Penang, India and China. Among the commodities being merchandised were food supplies namely rice, farm animals and woods. The consequence of these transactions provided a large sum of income to Kedah state. In addition, the commercial activities in Alor Setar had been enhanced with the presence of trading emporiums which allotted stores selling assorted items, for example the pawn shop, textile stores and groceries stores. The existence of Alor Setar as a rapid-growing commercial centre was contributed by several factors such as the effectiveness of administration, the efficiency of town safety control, the sophistication of the communication and transportation system, the competency of health control system and also the presence of town port. These indeed have become the undeniably alluring attractions for traders to pursue their trading business.

Item Type: Article
Funders: None
Uncontrolled Keywords: Limbong; Alor Setar; Commercial; Town port; Elephant
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Department of History
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 19 May 2022 01:28
Last Modified: 19 May 2022 01:28

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