Occurrence and exposure risk assessment of organic micropollutants in indoor dust from Malaysia

Yang, Jianlei and Ching, Yern Chee and Kadokami, Kiwao (2022) Occurrence and exposure risk assessment of organic micropollutants in indoor dust from Malaysia. Chemosphere, 287 (3). ISSN 0045-6535, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.132340.

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Indoor dust is an important source of human exposure to hazardous organic micropollutants (OMPs) because humans spend about 90 % of their time in the indoor environments. This study initially analyzed the concen-trations and compositions of OMPs in the dust of different indoor environments from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. A total of 57 OMPs were detected and assigned to 7 chemical classes in this study. The total concentration of OMPs ranged from 5980 to 183,000 ng/g, with the median concentration of 46,400 ng/g. Personal care products, organophosphate esters, and pesticides were the dominant groups, with their median concentrations at 12,000, 10,000, and 5940 ng/g, respectively. The concentrations and compositions of influential OMPs varied in different microenvironments, suggesting different sources and usage patterns in the house. Then, the noncarcinogenic and carcinogenic risks of exposure to these substances for diverse age groups were assessed based on the median concentration. Cumulative noncarcinogenic risks of these OMPs via ingestion pathway were estimated to be negligible (1.41 x 10(-4) -1.87 x 10(-3)). The carcinogenic risks of these OMPs were higher than 10-6 (1.63 x 10(-6) - 6.17 x 10(-6)) and should be noted. Theobromine accounted for more than 89 % of the cumulative cancer risk, implying that the carcinogenic risk of theobromine needs further monitoring in the future. Toddler was the most affected group for cancer risk among all the age groups, regardless of the microenvironments. These findings from this study may provide a benchmark for future efforts to ensure the safety of indoor dust for the local residents.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Hitachi Scholarship Research Support Program - Hitachi Global Foundation, Japan
Uncontrolled Keywords: Organic micropollutant; Indoor dust; Microenvironment; Exposure; Human health risk
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Faculty of Science
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2022 03:47
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2022 03:47
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/33762

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