mHealth interventions to address physical activity and sedentary behavior in cancer survivors: A systematic review

Khoo, Selina and Mohbin, Najihah and Ansari, Payam and Al-Kitani, Mahfoodha and Muller, Andre Matthias (2021) mHealth interventions to address physical activity and sedentary behavior in cancer survivors: A systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (11). ISSN 1660-4601, DOI

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This review aimed to identify, evaluate, and synthesize the scientific literature on mobile health (mHealth) interventions to promote physical activity (PA) or reduce sedentary behavior (SB) in cancer survivors. We searched six databases from 2000 to 13 April 2020 for controlled and non-controlled trials published in any language. We conducted best evidence syntheses on controlled trials to assess the strength of the evidence. All 31 interventions included in this review measured PA outcomes, with 10 of them also evaluating SB outcomes. Most study participants were adults/older adults with various cancer types. The majority (n = 25) of studies implemented multicomponent interventions, with activity trackers being the most commonly used mHealth technology. There is strong evidence for mHealth interventions, including personal contact components, in increasing moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA among cancer survivors. However, there is inconclusive evidence to support mHealth interventions in increasing total activity and step counts. There is inconclusive evidence on SB potentially due to the limited number of studies. mHealth interventions that include personal contact components are likely more effective in increasing PA than mHealth interventions without such components. Future research should address social factors in mHealth interventions for PA and SB in cancer survivors.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya Impact-Oriented Interdisciplinary Research Grant IIRG025C-2019, National Medical Research Council, Singapore, Singapore Population Health Improvement Center NMRC/CG/C026/2017_NUHS
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fitness tracker; Exercise; Mobile health; Mobile application; Health behavior
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Centre for Sports & Exercise Sciences
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2022 08:36
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2022 08:36

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