Total phenols, antioxidant activity and sensory evaluation of bread fortified with spearmint

Shori, Amal Bakr and Kee, Leong Ay and Baba, Ahmad Salihin (2021) Total phenols, antioxidant activity and sensory evaluation of bread fortified with spearmint. Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, 46 (6). pp. 5257-5264. ISSN 2193-567X, DOI

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This study focused on the functional properties of bread incorporated with spearmint (S) aqueous extract (S1 = 0% (control),S2 = 2.5%,S3 = 5.0% andS4 = 7.5%) by measuring total phenolic content (TPC), DPPH radical scavenging activity, and ferrous-ion chelating (FIC) ability. Additionally, spearmint bread samples were compared with commercially available bread, including Roti Canai, White Bread (WB), Wheat germ bread (WG), Wholemeal bread (WM). Sensory evaluation was also investigated for spearmint bread samples. The presence of different concentrations of spearmint aqueous extract increased (p < 0.05) TPC, DPPH radical scavenging activity, and FIC ability of bread compared toS1 and all spearmint bread samples presented concentration-dependent. The addition of spearmint aqueous extract (5.0% and 7.5%) showed an almost twofold increase in DPPH radical scavenging activity compared toS1 (55 +/- 0.3%). DPPH radical scavenging activity ofS3 andS4 bread was higher (p < 0.05) than commercially available bread (WM and WG) whereasS2 bread had significantly higher DPPH inhibition activity than WB. However, both TPC and FIC ability of spearmint-containing bread samples were lower (p < 0.05) with that of commercially available bread. The spearmint bread (S2) showed the highest organoleptic properties among spearmint bread. In conclusion, spearmint is a promising food additive to increase antioxidant content in bread.

Item Type: Article
Funders: King Abdulaziz University (D-321-247-1441)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bread; Spearmint; TPC; Antioxidant activity; Sensory evaluation
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2022 02:28
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2022 02:28

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