Biosimilars in Malaysia: Regulatory framework, approved products, and adverse effects

Mohd Sani, Noraisyah and Aziz, Zoriah and Kamarulzaman, Adeeba (2021) Biosimilars in Malaysia: Regulatory framework, approved products, and adverse effects. Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science, 55 (3). pp. 490-502. ISSN 2168-4790, DOI

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Introduction Biosimilars are a cost-effective alternative to original biologic medicines that allow patients access to biologic therapies for various chronic diseases. Our paper aims to provide an overview of biosimilars in Malaysia with emphasis on the comparison of Malaysian guidelines with guidelines from well-established regulatory agencies, a review of biosimilars' market approval and their reported adverse effects (AEs) as well as clinical trials conducted in Malaysia. Methods We searched the official websites of the National Pharmaceutical Regulatory Agency (NPRA) Malaysia and three other well-established agencies, online databases of Medline (R) and EMBASE for guidelines on legislation and regulations of biosimilars. Meanwhile, we extracted the reports of AEs involving biosimilars in Malaysia from the NPRA database and for global AEs from the World Health Organisation VigyLize database. The Website by the U.S. National Library of Medicines was the source for data on clinical trials. Results Malaysia followed the principles of the European Medicines Agency biosimilar regulations and issued their guideline in 2008. Since then, NPRA has approved 24 biosimilar products and recorded 499 AE reports, of which 43 (8.6%) were serious. NPRA has also approved ten Phase III clinical trials in Malaysia with four trials still ongoing. Conclusion Malaysia follows a stringent regulatory pathway for the approval of biosimilars enacted by well-established regulatory agencies to maintain the quality, efficacy and safety of biosimilars. Introducing biosimilars to the Malaysian market would improve patients' accessibility to biologic therapies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biologic therapies; Regulatory guidelines; Adverse effects; Clinical trials; Substitutions; Interchangeability
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms Zaharah Ramly
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2022 03:58
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2022 03:58

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