Checklist of the coral fish fauna of Xisha Islands, China

Qiu, Shuting and Chen, Bin and Du, Jianguo and Loh, Kar-Hoe and Liao, Jianji and Liu, Xinming and Yang, Wen (2021) Checklist of the coral fish fauna of Xisha Islands, China. Biodiversity Data Journal, 9. ISSN 1314-2836, DOI

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The Xisha Islands are composed of the Yongle Islands and the Xuande Islands in Hainan Province, China. It has one of the highest species diversity in the world and is also a typical oceanic distribution area of coral reefs globally. The ichthyofauna of the Xisha Islands were recorded by underwater visual census in May 2019 and July 2020. The survey data were combined with previous records of species into the checklist of the Xisha Islands presented herein. A total of 691 species, belonging to 24 orders and 97 families, was recorded. The major families were Labridae, Pomacentridae, Serranidae, Chaetodontidae, Hexanchidae, Lutjanidae, Scaridae, Gobiidae, Scorpaenidae and Carangidae. In this study, the Coral Fish iversity Index (CFDI) of six families (Chaetodontidae, Pomacanthidae, Pomacentridae, Labridae, Scaridae and Acanthuridae) was 229, indicating 756 coral fishes. In terms of the IUCN Red List, one species is Critically Endangered (Glyphis gangeticus), six species are Endangered (Stegostoma fasciatum, Aetomylaeus maculatus, Aetomylaeus vespertilio, Epinephelus akaara, Cheilinusundulatus sp. and Xiphias gladius), 16 species are Vulnerable, and 13 species are Near Threatened in the Xisha Archipelago, so conservation should be strengthened in this area in the future.

Item Type: Article
Funders: National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFC1406503), National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (41676096), China-ASEAN Maritime Cooperation Fund project "Monitoring and conservation of the coastal ecosystem in the South China Sea", Top 100 Universities in the World Fund (TU001-2018)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ichthyofauna; Coral Fish Diversity Index (CFDI); Xisha Islands; newly-recorded species
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2022 01:20
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2022 02:05

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