Distributed clustering for user devices under UAV coverage area during disaster recovery

Saif, Abdu and Kaharudin, Dimyati and Kamarul Ariffin, Noordin and Nor Shahida, Mohd Shah and Alsamhi, S. H. and Qazwan, Abdullah and Farah, Nabil (2021) Distributed clustering for user devices under UAV coverage area during disaster recovery. In: 2021 IEEE International Conference in Power Engineering Application (ICPEA 2021), 8-9 March 2021.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICPEA51500.2021.9417847


An Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) is a promising technology for providing wireless coverage to ground user devices. For all the infrastructure communication networks destroyed in disasters, UAVs- battery life is challenging during service delivery in a post-disaster scenario. Therefore, selecting cluster heads among user devices plays a vital role in detecting UAV signals and processing data for improving UAV energy efficacy and reliable Connectivity. This paper focuses on the performance evaluation of the clustering approach performance in detecting wireless coverage services with improving energy efficiency. The evaluation performance is a realistic simulation for the ground-to-air channel Line of Sight (LoS). The results show that the cluster head can effectively link the UAVs and cluster members at minimal energy expenditure. The UAV's altitudes and path loss exponent affected user devices for detecting wireless coverage. Moreover, the bit error rate in the cluster heads is considered for reliable Connectivity in post-disaster. Clustering stabilizes the clusters linking the uncovered nodes to the UAV, and its effectiveness in doing so resulted in its ubiquity in emergency communication systems.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Funders: Universiti Malaya, Department of Electrical Engineering, Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO), Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia under the MDR grant
Uncontrolled Keywords: Disaster Recovery; UAV; Clustering technique; Emergency communications system; 5G
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2022 08:24
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2022 08:25
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/26299

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