Women’s empowerment and gender-differentiated food allocation in Bangladesh

Hossain, Mahbub and Asadullah, M. Niaz and Kambhampati, Uma (2021) Women’s empowerment and gender-differentiated food allocation in Bangladesh. Review of Economics of the Household, 19 (3). pp. 739-767. ISSN 1569-5239, DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s11150-021-09546-x.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11150-021-09546-x


This paper analyzes the impact of women's empowerment on two aspects of food security-calorie and protein intake of children-using data on agricultural households from the Bangladesh Integrated Household Survey. We are interested both in the differential impact of mother's empowerment on the food security of boys and girls as well as in whether different aspects of empowerment have different effects. There are 10 different aspects of empowerment including making production decisions, owning and selling assets, being a member of a group and so on. Our estimates suggest that, in households with more empowered women, children enjoy higher calorie and protein intake but that daughters are disadvantaged relative to sons. Most importantly, mother's empowerment is an important source of gender discrimination. When considering the sub-components of empowerment, we find that input into production decisions are important for both calorie consumption and protein. These findings are robust to a host of controls including household poverty, sibling composition, community social norms and individual characteristics.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Intra-household food allocation; Food security; Women's empowerment
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: Faculty of Economics & Administration
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2022 02:28
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2022 02:28
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/26183

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