Investigations on the interactions of proteins with nanocellulose produced via sulphuric acid hydrolysis

Gunathilake, Thennakoon M. Sampath U. and Ching, Yern Chee and Uyama, Hiroshi and Nguyen, Dai Hai and Chuah, Cheng Hock (2021) Investigations on the interactions of proteins with nanocellulose produced via sulphuric acid hydrolysis. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 193. pp. 1522-1531. ISSN 0141-8130, DOI

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The investigation of protein–nanoparticle interactions contributes to the understanding of nanoparticle bio-reactivity and creates a database of nanoparticles for use in nanomedicine, nanodiagnosis, and nanotherapy. In this study, hen's egg white was used as the protein source to study the interaction of proteins with sulphuric acid hydrolysed nanocellulose (CNC). Several techniques such as FTIR, zeta potential measurement, UV–vis spectroscopy, compressive strength, TGA, contact angle and FESEM provide valuable information in the protein–CNC interaction study. The presence of a broader peak in the 1600–1050 cm−1 range of CNC/egg white protein FTIR spectrum compared to the 1600–1050 cm−1 range of CNC sample indicated the binding of egg white protein to CNC surface. The contact angle with the glass surface decreased with the addition of CNC to egg white protein. The FESEM EDX spectra showed a higher amount of N and Na on the surface of CNC. It indicates the density of protein molecules higher around CNC. The zeta potential of CNC changed from −26.7 ± 0.46 to −21.7 ± 0.2 with the introduction of egg white protein due to the hydrogen bonding, polar bonds and electrostatic interaction between surface CNC and protein. The compressive strength of the egg white protein films increased from 0.064 ± 0.01 to 0.36 ± 0.02 MPa with increasing the CNC concentration from 0 to 4.73% (w/v). The thermal decomposition temperature of CNC/egg white protein decreased compared to egg white protein thermal decomposition temperature. According to UV–Vis spectroscopy, the far-UV light (207–222 nm) absorption peak slightly changed in the CNC/egg white protein spectrum compared to the egg white protein spectrum. Based on the results, the observations of protein nanoparticle interactions provide an additional understanding, besides the theoretical simulations from previous studies. Also, the results indicate to aim CNC for the application of nanomedicine and nanotherapy. A new insight given by us in this research assumes a reasonable solution to these crucial applications. © 2021

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Drug delivery; Molecular imaging; Nanocellulose; Nanomedicine; Protein–nanoparticle
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Faculty of Science
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2021 01:50
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2021 01:50

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