Structural Basis of Specific Glucoimidazole and Mannoimidazole Binding by Os3BGlu7

Nutho, Bodee and Pengthaisong, Salila and Tankrathok, Anupong and Lee, Vannajan Sanghiran and Cairns, James R. Ketudat and Rungrotmongkol, Thanyada and Hannongbua, Supot (2020) Structural Basis of Specific Glucoimidazole and Mannoimidazole Binding by Os3BGlu7. Biomolecules, 10 (6). p. 907. ISSN 2218-273X, DOI

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL:


β-Glucosidases and β-mannosidases hydrolyze substrates that differ only in the epimer of the nonreducing terminal sugar moiety, but most such enzymes show a strong preference for one activity or the other. Rice Os3BGlu7 and Os7BGlu26 β-glycosidases show a less strong preference, but Os3BGlu7 and Os7BGlu26 prefer glucosides and mannosides, respectively. Previous studies of crystal structures with glucoimidazole (GIm) and mannoimidazole (MIm) complexes and metadynamic simulations suggested that Os7BGlu26 hydrolyzes mannosides via the B2,5 transition state (TS) conformation preferred for mannosides and glucosides via their preferred 4H3/4E TS conformation. However, MIm is weakly bound by both enzymes. In the present study, we found that MIm was not bound in the active site of crystallized Os3BGlu7, but GIm was tightly bound in the -1 subsite in a 4H3/4E conformation via hydrogen bonds with the surrounding residues. One-microsecond molecular dynamics simulations showed that GIm was stably bound in the Os3BGlu7 active site and the glycone-binding site with little distortion. In contrast, MIm initialized in the B2,5 conformation rapidly relaxed to a E3/4H3 conformation and moved out into a position in the entrance of the active site, where it bound more stably despite making fewer interactions. The lack of MIm binding in the glycone site in protein crystals and simulations implies that the energy required to distort MIm to the B2,5 conformation for optimal active site residue interactions is sufficient to offset the energy of those interactions in Os3BGlu7. This balance between distortion and binding energy may also provide a rationale for glucosidase versus mannosidase specificity in plant β-glycosidases.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: transition state mimics; β-glycosidase; X-ray crystallography; MD simulation; REMD
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2020 01:40
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2020 01:40

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item