An Open-Ended Continual Learning for Food Recognition Using Class Incremental Extreme Learning Machines

Tahir, Ghalib Ahmed and Loo, Chu Kiong (2020) An Open-Ended Continual Learning for Food Recognition Using Class Incremental Extreme Learning Machines. IEEE Access, 8. pp. 82328-82346. ISSN 2169-3536, DOI

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State-of-the-art deep learning models for food recognition do not allow data incremental learning and often suffer from catastrophic interference problems during the class incremental learning. This is an important issue in food recognition since real-world food datasets are open-ended and dynamic, involving a continuous increase in food samples and food classes. Model retraining is often carried out to cope with the dynamic nature of the data, but this demands high-end computational resources and significant time. This paper proposes a new open-ended continual learning framework by employing transfer learning on deep models for feature extraction, Relief F for feature selection, and a novel adaptive reduced class incremental kernel extreme learning machine (ARCIKELM) for classification. Transfer learning is beneficial due to the high generalization ability of deep learning features. Relief F reduces computational complexity by ranking and selecting the extracted features. The novel ARCIKELM classifier dynamically adjusts network architecture to reduce catastrophic forgetting. It addresses domain adaptation problems when new samples of the existing class arrive. To conduct comprehensive experiments, we evaluated the model against four standard food benchmarks and a recently collected Pakistani food dataset. Experimental results show that the proposed framework learns new classes incrementally with less catastrophic inference and adapts domain changes while having competitive classification performance. © 2013 IEEE.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Grand Challenge Grant - HTM (Wellness) under Grant GC003A-14HTM, University of Malaya, IIRG under Grant under Grant IIRG002C-19HWB, University of Malaya, International Collaboration Fund for project Developmental Cognitive Robot with Continual Lifelong Learning under Grant IF0318M1006, MESTECC, Malaysia and ONRG Grant under Project ONRG-NICOP-N62909-18-1-2086, Office of Naval and Research Global, U.K., under Grant IF017-2018
Uncontrolled Keywords: adaptive class incremental extreme learning machine; adaptive reduced class incremental kernel extreme learning machine; class incremental extreme learning machine; deep learning; Food recognition; open-ended continual learning
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Faculty of Computer Science & Information Technology
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2020 03:21
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2020 03:21

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