Application of solar quiet (Sq) current in determining mantle conductivity-depth structure in Malaysia

Abidin, Zamri Zainal and Jusoh, Mohamad Huzaimy and Abbas, M. and Yoshikawa, Akimasa (2019) Application of solar quiet (Sq) current in determining mantle conductivity-depth structure in Malaysia. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 192. p. 104776. ISSN 1364-6826, DOI

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The mantle electrical conductivity-depth structure of Malaysia was determined for the first time using solar quiet day ionospheric current (Sq) variations. Spherical harmonic analysis (SHA) was employed to separate the external and internal field contribution to the Sq variations. A transfer function was applied in estimating the conductivity-depth profile for the paired of external and internal coefficients of the SHA. We observed a downward increase in electrical conductivity with initial magnitude of 0.0065 S/m at a depth of ∼ 56 km which gradually rose to 0.0106 and 0.0140 S/m at 118 and 180 km. Subsequently, the conductivity profile rose to about 0.0228 S/m at 380 km (near the base of the upper mantle) and reached 0.0260 S/m at 435 km, after which a sharp steep increase was observed at 450 km with conductivity profile of 0.0278 S/m. Consequently, the conductivity profile increases significantly to about 0.1367 S/m at a depth of 973 km and reached its peak value 0.1975 S/m at the depth of 1097 km in the lower mantle with no indication of leveling off. An evidence of discontinuity was observed near 390–460 km and 675–746 km. A slight increase in conductivity values at depth between 150 and 300 km corresponds to the region of unusual global low velocity zone with high electrical conductivity. The conductivity profile showed a less steep increase above 450 km below which a steep increase was observed. The present profile showed the deepest penetration depth which may be attributed to the influence of equatorial electrojet current (EEJ) that is actively supported by the conductive properties of the Earth's interior within the study region. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electrical conductivity profile; Solar quiet (Sq) current variation; Mantle; Geomagnetic field variation
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Physics
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 08 May 2020 05:03
Last Modified: 08 May 2020 05:03

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