Assessing regional left ventricular thickening dysfunction and dyssynchrony via personalized modeling and 3D wall thickness measurements for acute myocardial infarction

Khalid, Amirah and Lim, Einly and Chan, Bee Ting and Abdul Aziz, Yang Faridah and Chee, Kok Han and Yap, Hwa Jen and Liew, Yih Miin (2019) Assessing regional left ventricular thickening dysfunction and dyssynchrony via personalized modeling and 3D wall thickness measurements for acute myocardial infarction. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 49 (4). pp. 1006-1019. ISSN 1053-1807, DOI

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Background: Existing clinical diagnostic and assessment methods could be improved to facilitate early detection and treatment of cardiac dysfunction associated with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) to reduce morbidity and mortality. Purpose: To develop 3D personalized left ventricular (LV) models and thickening assessment framework for assessing regional wall thickening dysfunction and dyssynchrony in AMI patients. Study Type: Retrospective study, diagnostic accuracy. Subjects: Forty-four subjects consisting of 15 healthy subjects and 29 AMI patients. Field Strength/Sequence: 1.5T/steady-state free precession cine MRI scans; LGE MRI scans. Assessment: Quantitative thickening measurements across all cardiac phases were correlated and validated against clinical evaluation of infarct transmurality by an experienced cardiac radiologist based on the American Heart Association (AHA) 17-segment model. Statistical Test: Nonparametric 2-k related sample-based Kruskal–Wallis test; Mann–Whitney U-test; Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results: Healthy LV wall segments undergo significant wall thickening (P < 0.05) during ejection and have on average a thicker wall (8.73 ± 1.01 mm) compared with infarcted wall segments (2.86 ± 1.11 mm). Myocardium with thick infarct (ie, >50% transmurality) underwent remarkable wall thinning during contraction (thickening index [TI] = 1.46 ± 0.26 mm) as opposed to healthy myocardium (TI = 4.01 ± 1.04 mm). For AMI patients, LV that showed signs of thinning were found to be associated with a significantly higher percentage of dyssynchrony as compared with healthy subjects (dyssynchrony index [DI] = 15.0 ± 5.0% vs. 7.5 ± 2.0%, P < 0.01). Also, a strong correlation was found between our TI and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (r = 0.892, P < 0.01), and moderate correlation between DI and LVEF (r = 0.494, P < 0.01). Data Conclusion: The extracted regional wall thickening and DIs are shown to be strongly correlated with infarct severity, therefore suggestive of possible practical clinical utility. Level of Evidence: 2. Technical Efficacy: Stage 1. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2019;49:1006–1019. © 2018 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya RU Grant – Faculty Programme; Contract grant number: RF011A-2018, University of Malaya Research Grant; Contract grant number: RP028A-14HTM, Fundamental Research Grant Scheme; Contract grant number: FP002-2017A
Uncontrolled Keywords: cine MRI; dyssynchrony; left ventricle; modeling; myocardial infarction; regional thickening; wall thickness
Subjects: R Medicine
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2020 14:08
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2020 14:08

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