Influence of solution pH on the formation of iron oxide nanoparticles

Suppiah, Durga Devi and Johan, Mohd Rafie (2019) Influence of solution pH on the formation of iron oxide nanoparticles. Materials Research Express, 6 (1). 015008. ISSN 2053-1591, DOI

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Iron oxide phase orientation were highly influenced by solution pH, crystalline structure, purity, surface enrichment, particle size, and morphology. This paper investigates the influence of pHchanges by varying the precursor anions of chloride (FeCl2) and sulphate (FeSO4) on the formation of iron oxide nanoparticles using one step controlled precipitation technique. The obtained titration curve provided vital information on the reaction mechanism whereby different hydrolysis rate of precursor leads to different iron oxide phases. It was determined that at pH 4, goethite (α-FeOOH) was obtained. Continuous addition of hydroxyl ions (OH−) then forms iron hydroxides (Fe(OH)2) which will then subsequently react with the goethite precipitating magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles (35–45 nm) atpH 10 with ferromagnetic behavior. By the use of Cl− anion, the slower hydrolysis process induced requires more hydroxyl ions to reach pHequilibrium leading to larger maghemite nanoparticles (50–60 nm). Spectroscopic analysis via Raman and FTIR analysis confirms the phases obtained. SEM andTEMimaging shows the correlation of structure orientation anisotropy which influenced the magnetic properties. Spherical magnetite nanoparticles strong dipolar interaction have higher coercivity (117G) and remanence (12 emu g−1) compared to the synthesised maghemite spinel needle-like structure nanoparticles. The understanding of the iron oxide structure directing effect by complex pH solution mechanism was essential for not only to prepare different forms of iron oxide and hydroxides but also controlled synthesis reproducibility.

Item Type: Article
Funders: RU004-2017 Grant
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anion; Iron oxide; Magnetism; Nanoparticles; Precipitation
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Nanotechnology & Catalysis Research Centre
Depositing User: Ms. Durga Devi Suppiah
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2020 03:50
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2020 03:50

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