Low-Cost Integrated Zinc Oxide Nanorod-Based Humidity Sensors for Arduino Platform

Yusof, Haziezol Helmi Mohd and Harun, Sulaiman Wadi and Dimyati, Kaharudin and Bora, Tanujjal and Sterckx, Karel and Mohammed, Waleed S. and Dutta, Joydeep (2019) Low-Cost Integrated Zinc Oxide Nanorod-Based Humidity Sensors for Arduino Platform. IEEE Sensors Journal, 19 (7). pp. 2442-2449. ISSN 1530-437X, DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2018.2886584.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2018.2886584


Realization of a simple integrated and low-cost intensity modulation/direct detection-based humidity and vapor detection system utilizing zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods as the active material is demonstrated. The sensing device comprises of ZnO nanorods optimally grown on a glass substrate and mounted on 3D printed platform for the alignment with a green light-emitting diode setup for an edge excitation. An Arduino platform was used for the signal processing of the detection of the transmitted light. Both forward and backward scattering are affected due to light leakage while propagating through the glass substrate which are further attenuated in the presence of humidity. In this paper, backward scattering was found to be dominant, and thus, with increasing humidity, a reduction in the transmitted light was monitored. When the sensor was tested in a humidity controlled environment, it was found that the output voltage drops by approximately 750 mV upon changing the relative humidity (RH) level from 35% to 90% in a non-linear fashion. The average sensitivity of the sensor was observed to be-12 mV/% throughout the tested RH levels. Sensitivity was found to be higher at-24.6 mV/% for RH's beyond 70%. An average response time of 3.8 s was obtained for RH levels of 85% with respect to the standard ambient humidity conditions (RH 50%), which showed a quicker recovery time of 2.2 s. The proposed sensor device provides numerous advantages, including low-cost production, simplicity in design, ease of use, and stability during handling.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Arduino; fast sensing; humidity sensor; light scattering; nanorods; zinc oxide
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2019 07:38
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2019 07:38
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/22951

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