Adsorption kinetics, equilibrium and radiation effect studies of radioactive cesium by polymer-based adsorbent

Olatunji, Michael Adekunle and Khandaker, Mayeen Uddin and Mahmud, Habibun Nabi Muhammad Ekramul (2017) Adsorption kinetics, equilibrium and radiation effect studies of radioactive cesium by polymer-based adsorbent. Journal of Vinyl and Additive Technology, 24 (4). pp. 347-357. ISSN 1083-5601, DOI

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL:


Electroactive polypyrrole has been synthesized by oxidative polymerization of pyrrole using ferric chloride hexahydrate as oxidant in the presence of sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate (SDBS), and used to remove radioactive cesium from aqueous solution. The SDBS-doped polypyrrole (PPy/SDBS) adsorbent was characterized by Field emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared techniques. A rapid and efficient adsorption of 137Cs radionuclide with a maximum sorption capacity of 26.2 mg/g has been achieved at 313 K. The kinetic data show the best fitting by the pseudo first-order model while the Langmuir model properly reproduced the isotherm data. The thermodynamics parameters revealed an endothermic and spontaneous nature of the adsorption process. The adsorption efficiency shows only an insignificant variation with the gamma-ray doses of 100 and 200 kGy. Considering the toxicity and nonbiodegradable nature of radioactive cesium, SDBS-doped polypyrrole could be a good adsorbent for the recovery of 137Cs from radioactive effluents.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adsorption efficiency; Ferric chloride hexahydrate; Field emission scanning electron microscopy; Fourier transform infra reds; Oxidative polymerization; Radioactive effluents; Sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate; Thermodynamics parameters
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Faculty of Science > Department of Physics
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2019 08:00
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2019 08:00

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item