Great expectations: assessing the impact of commercialization-focused policies among Malaysia’s public research institutes

Strong, Derek Ryan and Chandran, V.G.R. and Hayter, Christopher S. (2018) Great expectations: assessing the impact of commercialization-focused policies among Malaysia’s public research institutes. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 27 (5-6). pp. 438-453. ISSN 1043-8599, DOI

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In 2006, the Malaysian government released its 9th five-year development plan which, among other things, directed the country’s numerous public research institutes (PRIs) to focus primarily on commercializing technologies stemming from their respective research agendas. This directive envisioned a de facto division of labor between universities, that would emphasize basic research, and PRIs, that would become Malaysia’s translational research and technology commercialization hubs. Employing a scientific and technical human capital conceptual lens, this paper assesses the extent to which PRIs have met the expectations of the new commercialization directive through the analysis of data collected during a 2011–2012 survey among university and PRI researchers. First, we find descriptively that, in comparison to university researchers, PRI researchers do not differ substantially in terms of average patents and prototypes produced, our proxies for technology commercialization. Second, we investigate factors among PRI researchers that explain commercialization behavior and find that holding a PhD correlates strongly with publication and patenting behavior while conducting applied research and expressing adequate commercialization support correlates modestly with prototyping behavior. Implications for research and policy are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya under the Equitable Society Research Cluster (ESRC) research grant RP022A-15SBS
Uncontrolled Keywords: Innovation policy; human capital; social networks; public research institutions; research productivity; Malaysia
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: Faculty of Economics & Administration
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2019 09:06
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2019 09:06

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