Emergence of the Asian lineage dengue virus type 3 genotype III in Malaysia

Tan, Kim Kee and Zulkifle, Nurul Izzani and Sulaiman, Syuhaida and Pang, Sui Ping and Nor Amdan, Nur Asyura and Mat Rahim, Nor Aziyah and Abd Jamil, Juraina and Shu, Meng Hooi and Mahadi, Nor Muhammad and AbuBakar, Sazaly (2018) Emergence of the Asian lineage dengue virus type 3 genotype III in Malaysia. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 18 (1). p. 58. ISSN 1471-2148, DOI https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-018-1175-4.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-018-1175-4


Background: Dengue virus type 3 genotype III (DENV3/III) is associated with increased number of severe infections when it emerged in the Americas and Asia. We had previously demonstrated that the DENV3/III was introduced into Malaysia in the late 2000s. We investigated the genetic diversity of DENV3/III strains recovered from Malaysia and examined their phylogenetic relationships against other DENV3/III strains isolated globally. Results: Phylogenetic analysis revealed at least four distinct DENV3/III lineages. Two of the lineages (DENV3/III-B and DENV3/III-C) are current actively circulating whereas the DENV3/III-A and DENV3/III-D were no longer recovered since the 1980s. Selection pressure analysis revealed strong evidence of positive selection on a number of amino acid sites in PrM, E, NS1, NS2a, NS2b, NS3, NS4a, and NS5. The Malaysian DENV3/III isolates recovered in the 1980s (MY.59538/1987) clustered into DENV3/III-B, which was the lineage with cosmopolitan distribution consisting of strains actively circulating in the Americas, Africa, and Asia. The Malaysian isolates recovered after the 2000s clustered within DENV3/III-C. This DENV3/III-C lineage displayed a more restricted geographical distribution and consisted of isolates recovered from Asia, denoted as the Asian lineage. Amino acid variation sites in NS5 (NS5-553I/M, NS5-629 T, and NS5-820E) differentiated the DENV3/III-C from other DENV3 viruses. The codon 629 of NS5 was identified as a positively selected site. While the NS5-698R was identified as unique to the genome of DENV3/III-C3. Phylogeographic results suggested that the recent Malaysian DENV3/III-C was likely to have been introduced from Singapore in 2008 and became endemic. From Malaysia, the virus subsequently spread into Taiwan and Thailand in the early part of the 2010s and later reintroduced into Singapore in 2013. Conclusions: Distinct clustering of the Malaysian old and new DENV3/III isolates suggests that the currently circulating DENV3/III in Malaysia did not descend directly from the strains recovered during the 1980s. Phylogenetic analyses and common genetic traits in the genome of the strains and those from the neighboring countries suggest that the Malaysian DENV3/III is likely to have been introduced from the neighboring regions. Malaysia, however, serves as one of the sources of the recent regional spread of DENV3/III-C3 within the Asia region.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, Malaysia (Malaysia Genome Institute Initiative grant: 07-05-MGI-GMB015), Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia (Long Term Research Grant Scheme grant: LRGS/TD/2011/UM/Penyakit Berjangkit), University Malaya (www.um.edu.my; University Malaya Postgraduate Research Fund: PS152/ 2008C)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Infectious disease; Arbovirus; Dengue virus; Malaysia; DENV3, phylogenetic
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2019 07:32
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2019 07:32
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/20539

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