Effects of biodiesel from different feedstocks on engine performance and emissions: A review

Wan Ghazali, Wan Nor Maawa and Mamat, Rizalman and Masjuki, Haji Hassan and Najafi, Gholamhassan (2015) Effects of biodiesel from different feedstocks on engine performance and emissions: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 51. pp. 585-602. ISSN 1364-0321, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.06.031.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.06.031


Abstract This paper analyzes the performance and emissions of biodiesel from different feedstocks. The main goal of this paper is to provide information to the engineers, industrialists and researchers who are interested on biodiesel and to emphasise biodiesel as a promising alternative replacement for fossil fuels. A substantial number of literatures from highly rated journals in scientific indexes were cited preferentially since 2000. The performance and emissions indicators such as brake torque, brake power, BTE, EGT, BSFC NOx, PM, CO, CO2, HC and smoke density have been evaluated in comparison to pure diesel. The results showed that different sources of biodiesel feedstocks give different results to engine performance and emissions. Surprisingly some of the research yielded favourable results towards the biodiesel as compared to pure diesel. The study concluded that biodiesel can be used in compression ignition engine as a replacement of diesel fuel to fulfil the global energy demand. However, further research on about optimisation, cost-effectiveness and availability of biodiesel needs to be carried out to help ensure that biofuel will be able to fully replace fossil fuel.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Universiti Malaya: Program Rakan Penyelidikan Universiti Malaya (CG054-2013)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel; Production; Performance; Combustion; Emissions
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2018 09:12
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2018 01:51
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/19483

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