Impact of place of residence on place of death in Wales: an observational study

Ziwary, S.R. and Samad, D. and Johnson, C.D. and Edwards, R.T. (2017) Impact of place of residence on place of death in Wales: an observational study. BMC Palliative Care, 16 (1). p. 72. ISSN 1472-684X, DOI

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Background: Previous research in England showed that deprivation level of a person's place of residence affects the place of death and quality of care received at the end of life. People dying in their preferred place of death has also been shown to act as an indication for high quality of end of life care services and social equality. This study expands on current research to explore the effects of deprivation and place of residence on health related choices and place of death in Wales. Methods: We used ten years combined mortality statistics from 2005 to 2014 and Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation rankings for each lower super output area. After accounting for the population's age, the number of deaths in Hospital, Hospice, Home, Care Home, Psychiatric Units, and Elsewhere were compared across deprivation quintiles. Results: Distribution of place of death was found to be concentrated in three places-hospital (60%), home (21%) and care home (13%). Results from this study shows a high number of hospital deaths, especially for more deprived areas, despite being the least preferred place of death. Conclusion: This is the first Welsh study investigating place of death in relation to deprivation, which could be of major importance to academics, end of life care providers and policy makers interested in to reduce health care inequality in Wales.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Chevening scholarship
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wales; Deprivation; Death place; Socioeconomic; Residence
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: Faculty of Economics & Administration
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2018 08:26
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2018 08:26

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