Parasitic worms of the central nervous system: an Australian perspective.

Hughes, A.J. and Biggs, B.A. (2002) Parasitic worms of the central nervous system: an Australian perspective. Internal medicine journal, 32 (11). pp. 541-53. ISSN 1444-0903, DOI 12412938.

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The diagnosis and management of parasitic diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) is difficult, even for infectious diseases physicians and neurologists. Furthermore, few overviews of the spectrum of causative helminths and clinical syndromes have been published. In the present study, we review the seven most common parasitic diseases of the CNS: (i) cysticercosis, (ii) neuroschistosomiasis, (iii) paragonimiasis, (iv) angiostrongyliasis, (v) hydatid disease, (vi) sparganosis and (vii) gnathostomiasis. Major syndromes of parasitic disease of the CNS and their differential causes are discussed, including: (i) cystic lesions, (ii) enhancing granulomas (with and without creeping subcutaneous eruptions), (iii) eosinophilic meningoencephalitis and (iv) spinal cord disease. Specific risk factors that predispose to these infections are also discussed and particular attention is drawn to the situation in Australia.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: University of Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Uncontrolled Keywords: Australia; Central Nervous System Parasitic Infections/diagnosis; Central Nervous System Parasitic Infections/therapy
Subjects: R Medicine > RB Pathology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Mr. Faizal Hamzah
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2011 01:45
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2014 07:09

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