Clarithromycin resistance and point mutations in the 23S rRNA gene in Helicobacter pylori isolates from Malaysia

Ho, Sin-Loong and Tan, E.L. and Sam, C.K. and Goh, K.L. (2010) Clarithromycin resistance and point mutations in the 23S rRNA gene in Helicobacter pylori isolates from Malaysia. Journal of Digestive Diseases, 11 (2). pp. 101-105.

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OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of primary clarithromycin resistance amongst Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) strains in Malaysian patients with gastroduodenal diseases, by using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) in domain V of 23S rRNA. METHODS: Gastric biopsies were obtained from H. pylori positive patients undergoing gastroscopy. DNA extraction was followed by PCR amplification using the primers Hp23-1 and Hp23-2 flanking a region of 425bp within the bacterial 23S rRNA peptidyltranferase (Hp23S fragment). Analysis of the 23S rRNA gene mutations is based on the generation of restriction sites for two restriction enzymes: BbsI and BsaI, which correspond to the base substitutions characteristic of clarithromycin resistance from A to G at positions 2142 and 2143, respectively. RESULTS: Gastric biopsy samples were obtained from 107 patients. A fragment of size 425bp corresponding to that expected from amplification of domain V of 23S rRNA was PCR-amplified from only 105 samples. The amplicon was subsequently subjected to restriction by BbsI and BsaI. Only 1 sample (0.95%) had the BbsI mutation (base substitution at A2142G) and 2 samples (1.90%) the BsaI mutation (base substitution at A2143G). Thus 3 of 105 (2.9%) samples harbored clarithromycin resistant strains. CONCLUSION: In our experience, PCR-RFLP is a rapid and precise method to detect the resistance of H. pylori to clarithromycin. Using this method, a low prevalence of clarithromycin resistance was detected in our local Malaysian strains. This augurs well for the continued use of clarithromycin as a first line drug in the treatment and eradication of H. pylori infection.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine
Depositing User: MR Faizal II H
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2015 02:48
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2015 02:48

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