Contamination levels of selected organochlorine and organophosphate pesticides in the Selangor River, Malaysia between 2002 and 2003

Leong, Kok Hoong and Tan, Benjamin L.L. and Mustafa, Ali Mohd (2007) Contamination levels of selected organochlorine and organophosphate pesticides in the Selangor River, Malaysia between 2002 and 2003. Chemosphere, 66 (6). pp. 1153-1159. ISSN 0045-6535

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Abstract

In Malaysia, rivers are the main source of public water supplies. This study was conducted from 2002 to 2003 to determine the levels of selected organochlorine and organophosphate pesticides in the Selangor River in Malaysia. Surface water samples have been collected seasonally from nine sites along the river. A liquid-liquid extraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry technique was used to determine the trace levels of these pesticide residues. The organochlorine pesticides detected were lindane, heptachlor, endosulfan, dieldrin, endosulfan sulfate, o,p'-DDT, p,p'-DDT, o,p'-DDE and p,p'-DDE whereas for organophosphate pesticides, they were chlorpyrifos and diazinon. At the river upstream where a dam is located for public water supply, incidents of pesticide levels exceeding the European Economic Community Directive of water quality standards have occurred. Furthermore, the wetland ecosystems located at the downstream of the river which houses the fireflies community is being threatened by occasional pesticide levels above EPA limits for freshwater aquatic organisms. The occurrence of these residual pesticides in the Selangor River can be attributed to the intense agriculture and urban activity.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 31 Leong, Kok Hoong Tan, L. L. Benjamin Mustafa, Ali Mohd
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pesticides; River water; Agriculture; Urban; Southeast Asia
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Dr. Leong Kok Hoong
Date Deposited: 22 May 2014 02:25
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2020 02:35
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/9998

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