Multidrug resistant Salmonella enterica Serotype Typhi are genetically homologous and coexist with antibiotic- sensitive strains as distinct independent clones

Thong, Kwai Lin and Bhutta, Z.A. and Pang, T. (2000) Multidrug resistant Salmonella enterica Serotype Typhi are genetically homologous and coexist with antibiotic- sensitive strains as distinct independent clones. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 4. pp. 192-195. ISSN 1201-9712

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Abstract

The goal of this study was to report the molecular analysis of antibiotic-sensitive and multidrug resistant (MDR) strains of Salmonella Typhi, using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), with a particular emphasis on the co-existence of these strains in a typhoid-endemic region of Karachi, Pakistan. One hundred isolates of S. typhi in humans (50 MDR and 50 antibiotic-sensitive isolates) from sporadic cases of typhoid fever were analyzed by Vi-phage typing, antibiogram, and PFGE. The MDR S. typhi strains were resistant to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Analysis by PFGE showed that 50 MDR isolates of S. typhi had a single, homogeneous PFGE profile, which was distinctly different from that of the 50 antibiotic-sensitive isolates obtained in the same time frame from the same area. This latter group of isolates showed much greater diversity of PFGE profiles, as has been observed in other endemic regions. Multidrug-resistant and antibiotic-susceptible strains of S. typhi can coexist in endemic area as epidemiologically independent pathogens and are not in competition for continued persistence and transmission.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Prof. Dr Kwai Lin Thong
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2014 04:15
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2018 06:30
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/9973

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