The utilization of cranial models created using rapid prototyping techniques in the development of models for navigation training

Waran, V. and Pancharatnam, D. and Thambinayagam, H.C. and Raman, R. and Rathinam, A.K. and Balakrishnan, Y.K. and Tung, T.S. and Rahman, Z.A. (2013) The utilization of cranial models created using rapid prototyping techniques in the development of models for navigation training. Journal of Neurological Surgery Part a-Central European Neurosurgery. ISSN 2193-6323


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Introduction: Navigation in neurosurgery has expanded rapidly; however, suitable models to train end users to use the myriad software and hardware that come with these systems are lacking. Utilizing three-dimensional (3D) industrial rapid prototyping processes, we have been able to create models using actual computed tomography (CT) data from patients with pathology and use these models to simulate a variety of commonly performed neurosurgical procedures with navigation systems. Aim: To assess the possibility of utilizing models created from CT scan dataset obtained from patients with cranial pathology to simulate common neurosurgical procedures using navigation systems. Methodology: Three patients with pathology were selected (hydrocephalus, right frontal cortical lesion, and midline clival meningioma). CT scan data following an image-guidance surgery protocol in DIACOM format and a Rapid Prototyping Machine were taken to create the necessary printed model with the corresponding pathology embedded. The ability in registration, planning, and navigation of two navigation systems using a variety of software and hardware provided by these platforms was assessed. Results: We were able to register all models accurately using both navigation systems and perform the necessary simulations as planned. Conclusion: Models with pathology utilizing 3D rapid prototyping techniques accurately reflect data of actual patients and can be used in the simulation of neurosurgical operations using navigation systems.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Neurosurgical navigation; 3D rapid prototyping models; simulation
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry
Depositing User: Mr Ahmad Azwan Azman
Date Deposited: 14 May 2014 07:32
Last Modified: 14 May 2014 07:32

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