Validation of the diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia (DHL) knowledge instrument in Malaysia

Lai, P.S.; Chua, S.S.; Tan, C.H.; Chan, S.P. (2012) Validation of the diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia (DHL) knowledge instrument in Malaysia. BMC Med Res Methodol, 12. p. 18. ISSN 1471-2288

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    BACKGROUND: Patient's knowledge on diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidaemia and its medications can be used as one of the outcome measures to assess the effectiveness of educational intervention. To date, no such instrument has been validated in Malaysia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Diabetes, Hypertension and Hyperlipidemia (DHL) knowledge instrument for assessing the knowledge of patients with type 2 diabetes in Malaysia. METHODS: A 28-item instrument which comprised of 5 domains: diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, medications and general issues was designed and tested. One point was given for every correct answer, whilst zero was given for incorrect answers. Scores ranged from 0 to 28, which were then converted into percentage. This was administered to 77 patients with type 2 diabetes in a tertiary hospital, who were on medication(s) for diabetes and who could understand English (patient group), and to 40 pharmacists (professional group). The DHL knowledge instrument was administered again to the patient group after one month. Excluded were patients less than 18 years old. RESULTS: Flesch reading ease was 60, which is satisfactory, while the mean difficulty factor(SD) was 0.74(0.21), indicating that DHL knowledge instrument was moderately easy. Internal consistency of the instrument was good, with Cronbach's alpha = 0.791. The test-retest scores showed no significant difference for 26 out of the 28 items, indicating that the questionnaire has achieved stable reliability. The overall mean(SD) knowledge scores was significantly different between the patient and professional groups 74.35(14.88) versus 93.84(6.47), p < 0.001. This means that the DHL knowledge instrument could differentiate the knowledge levels of participants. The DHL knowledge instrument shows similar psychometric properties as other validated questionnaires. CONCLUSIONS: The DHL knowledge instrument shows good promise to be adopted as an instrument for assessing diabetic patients' knowledge concerning their disease conditions and medications in Malaysia.

    Item Type: Article
    1. Lai, P.S.
    2. Chua, S.S.(Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA)
    3. Tan, C.H.
    4. Chan, S.P.
    Journal or Publication Title: BMC Med Res Methodol
    Additional Information: Lai, Pauline S M Chua, Siew Siang Tan, Ching Hooi Chan, Siew Pheng eng Validation Studies England 2012/03/01 06:00 BMC Med Res Methodol. 2012 Feb 24;12:18. doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-12-18.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Adult *Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Educational Measurement/*standards/statistics & numerical data *Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice Humans *Hyperlipidemias *Hypertension Malaysia Outcome Assessment (Health Care) Patient Education as Topic Patients/psychology Pharmacists/psychology Professional Competence Psychometrics/*instrumentation Questionnaires Reproducibility of Results
    Subjects: R Medicine
    Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
    Depositing User: Ms azrahani halim
    Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2014 22:45
    Last Modified: 16 Dec 2014 12:10

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