Determination of polymorphism at ribosomal DNA in hybrid crosses between Pleurotus citrinopileatus and Schizophyllum commune by mating technique

Rosnina, A.G. and Abdullah, N. and Vikineswary, S. and Bhassu, S. and Avin, F.A. (2011) Determination of polymorphism at ribosomal DNA in hybrid crosses between Pleurotus citrinopileatus and Schizophyllum commune by mating technique. In: Asian Mycological Congress, 7-11 Aug 2011, Incheon, Korea.

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Abstract

Mushroom production is dependent on the quality of the spawn used to inoculate the fruiting substrates. New strains with the desired traits can be produced by mating technique involving fusion of two genes from two different mushroom type that controls the formation of dikaryon. Mating incompatibility in mushroom fungi is controlled by the mating-type loci. In tetrapolar species, two unlinked mating-type loci exists (A and B), whereas in bipolar species there is only one locus. The A and B mating-type loci encodes homeodomain transcription factors and pheromones and pheromone receptors, respectively. Like most mushroom species, both P. citrinopileatus and S. commune have a tetrapolar mating system, but numerous transitions to bipolar mating systems had occurred. In many species, such as Pleurotus species (Vigalys, & Sun, 1994), and S. commune (James & Vigalis, 2001), the resident mycelia is almost invariably dikaryotized. Schizophyllum commune, a common wood-rotting mushroom, is a tetra-polar, self-incompatible fungus belonging to the family Schizophyllaceae of the Basidiomycetes. Its incompatibility system is genetically controlled by the A and B incompatibility factors (Papazian, 1950; Raper, 1966). In this study, ten single spore isolates (SSIs, monokaryons) of P. citrinopileatus and S. commune were mated in all combination on MEA plates and incubated at 25℃ for two weeks. Mycelia plugs were taken from the junction zone of encounter between two colonies were examined for the presence of clamp connections. Based on the result of 100 combinations, mating between P. citrinopileatus. and S. commune is said to be 4% hybridized showing the presence of clamp connections. The new strain produced by mating was confirmed using a suitable molecular method which uses the ribosomal DNA polymorphism.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Mr Farhat Ahmadi Avin
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2013 01:50
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2013 01:50
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/8506

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