Comparative studies on plasticized and unplasticized polyacrylonitrile (PAN) polymer electrolytes containing lithium and sodium salts

Isa, K.B.M. and Othman, L. and Osman, Z. (2011) Comparative studies on plasticized and unplasticized polyacrylonitrile (PAN) polymer electrolytes containing lithium and sodium salts. Sains Malaysiana, 40 (7). pp. 695-700. ISSN 0126-6039

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Abstract

Polymer electrolytes based on polyacrylonitrile (PAN) containing inorganic salts; lithium inflate (LiCF(3)SO(3)) and sodium triflate (NaCF(3)SO(3)) and ethylene carbonate (EC) as plasticizer were prepared using solvent casting technique. In this study, five systems of plasticized and unplasticized polymer electrolyte films i.e. PAN-EC, PAN-LiCF(3)SO(3), PAN-NaCF(3)SO(3) PAN-EC-LiCF(3)SO(3) and PAN-EC-NaCF(3)SO(3) systems have been prepared. The structural and morphological properties of the films were studied using infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) while the conductivity study was done by using impedance spectroscopy. The infrared results revealed that interaction had taken place between the nitrogen atoms of PAN and Li(+) and Na(+) ions from the salts. SEM micrographs showed that the plasticized film, PAN-EC-NaCF(3)SO(3) has bigger pores than PAN-Er-LiCF(3)SO(3) film resulting in the film containing NaCF(3)SO(3) salt being more conductive. On addition of salts and plasticizer, the conductivity of pure PAN increases to three orders of magnitude. The plasticized film containing NaCF(3)SO(3) salt has a higher conductivity compared to that containing LiCF(3)SO(3) salt. This result showed that the interaction between Li(+)-ion and the nitrogen atom of PAN was stronger than that of Na(+)-ion. The conductivity-temperature dependence of the highest conducting film from each system follows Arrhenius equation in the temperature range of 303 to 353 K. The conductivity-pressure study in the range of 0.01 - 0.09 MPa showed that the conductivity decreased when pressure was increased. This can be explained in term of free volume model.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Conductivity, lithium triflate, plasticizer, polyacrylonitrile, sodium, triflate, electrical-conductivity, high-pressure, liquid, transport,
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Dept of Physics
Depositing User: miss munirah saadom
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2013 01:33
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2019 08:56
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/8457

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