A review of reproductive biotechnologies and their application in goat

Abdullah, R.B. and Khadijah, W.E.W. and Rahman, A.N.M.A. (2008) A review of reproductive biotechnologies and their application in goat. Biotechnology, 7 (2). pp. 371-384. ISSN 1682296X

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Abstract

Tremendous developments have been achieved in the field of assisted reproductive technology (ART) both in human and animals in the last two decades. In livestock including goats, the modern ARTs are being used for the improvement and preservation of livestock genetics and the enhancement of reproductive efficiency. The ARTs together with embryo technologies have facilitated the development of methods to transfer desired single genes or the entire genome from desirable individuals or embryos. Rapid advances in ARTs to manipulate embryos in the laboratory have permitted screening of embryos for genetic defects or highly desirable quantitative traits using molecular markers. The ARTs include artificial insemination, embryo transfer, estrus synchronization and superovulation, multiple ovulation embryo transfer, laparoscopic ovum pick-up, in vitro production of embryos, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, cryopreservation of sperm, cryopreservation of oocytes and embryos, sexing of sperm and embryos, embryo splitting, cloning and gene transfer and marker-assisted selection. The goat is an excellent model for all these ARTs and has been used extensively in both basic and applied research. The applications of these ARTs in goat enable to increase the rate of genetic progress, reduce generation interval, enhance production, help utilizing genetically important but biologically inferior individual, improve the management of infertile/sub-fertile buck/doe and eliminate reproductive diseases. This review describes different ARTs and their application in goat production and research. © 2008 Asian Network for Scientific Information.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
Uncontrolled Keywords: Artificial insemination (AI), Assisted reproductive technology (ART), Goat, In vitro production (IVP), Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), Laparoscopic ovum pick-up (LOPU), Agriculture, Biological materials preservation, Biotechnology, Cloning Organism, Food preservation, Gene transfer, Genetic engineering, Technology, Artificial insemination, Basic and applied research, Cryo-preservation, Embryo transfer, Genetic defects, Goat production, In vitro production, Intra cytoplasmic sperm injection, Marker-assisted selection, Molecular markers, Pick-up, Quantitative traits, Technology transfer, Animalia, Capra hircus
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Miss Malisa Diana
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2013 02:02
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2013 02:02
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/8393

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