Relaxor behavior of (Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ti)O-3 ferroelectric ceramics

Chew, Khian Hooi and Chan, H.L.W. and Tang, X.G. and Wang, X.X. (2005) Relaxor behavior of (Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ti)O-3 ferroelectric ceramics. Solid State Communications, 136 (2). pp. 89-93. ISSN 0038-1098

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Abstract

We examine the ferroelectric-relaxor behavior of (Ba0.65Sr0.35)(Zr0.35Ti0.65)O-3 (BSZT) ceramics in the temperature range from 80 to 380 K. A broad dielectric maximum, which shifts to higher temperature with increasing frequency, signifies the relaxor-type behavior of these ceramics. The value of the relaxation parameter gamma similar to 2 estimated from the linear fit of the modified Curie-Weiss law, indicates the relaxor nature of the BUT ceramics. The dielectric relaxation rate follows the Vogel-Fulcher relation with T-VF=107 K, E-a=0.121 eV, and nu(o)=6.83 X 10(14) Hz, further supports such relaxor nature. The slim P-E hystecesis loop and `butterfly' shape do bias field dependence of permittivity at T>T-m (T-m, the temperature of permittivity maximum) clearly signifies the occurrence of nanopolar clusters, which is the typical characteristic of ferroelectric relaxor. At 300 K and 10 kHz, the dielectric constant and loss tan delta are similar to 1100 and 0.0015, respectively. The high tunability (similar to 25%) and figure of merit (similar to 130) at room temperature show that the BSZT ceramics could be a promising candidate for tunable capacitor applications. (C) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Department of Physics, Faculty of Science Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bszt ceramic, Relaxor behavior, Electric field, Tunability, Dielectric-properties, Structural investigations, Phase-transition, Grain-size, System, Tunability, Viscosity
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Dept of Physics
Depositing User: Miss Malisa Diana
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2013 02:03
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2019 07:33
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/8217

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