Comparative morphological and photosynthetic studies on three Malaysian species of Pogonatum from habitats of varying light irradiances

Nasrulhaq-Boyce, A. and Mohamed, M.A.H. and Lim, A.L. and Barakbah, S.S. and Yong, K.T. and Nor, D.M. (2011) Comparative morphological and photosynthetic studies on three Malaysian species of Pogonatum from habitats of varying light irradiances. Journal of Bryology, 33. pp. 35-41. ISSN 0373-6687

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Abstract

Comparative morphological and physiological studies were carried out on three species of Malaysian Pogonatum collected from habitats exposed to different light intensities ranging from 28 +/- 4 W/m(2) for P. cirratum subsp. macrophyllum (Dozy & Molk.) Hyvonen, to 230 +/- 39 W/m(2) for P. subtortile (Mull.Hal.) A. Jaeger to 751 +/- 45 W/m(2) for P. neesii (Mull.Hal.) Dozy. Total chlorophyll and beta-carotene content were higher in P. cirratum subsp. macrophyllum and P. subtortile than in P. neesii when calculated on a fresh weight basis. However, soluble protein content was higher in the sun species compared to its shade-adapted counterparts, and the soluble protein to total chlorophyll ratio was highest in P. neesii. The chloroplasts in the leaves of P. cirratum subsp. macrophyllum were significantly larger than those in the other two species, and had more grana and thylakoids per chloroplast profile. The numbers of starch grains in P. cirratum subsp. macrophyllum and P. subtortile were more than double that observed in P. neesii. Morphological studies of the leaves showed specific differences in the shapes and heights of the lamellae found on the adaxial surfaces of the leaves. The lamellae of P. cirratum subsp. macrophyllum were rudimentary whilst those of P. subtortile were 2-3 cells high and P. neesii possessed lamellae 5-7 cells high. These findings indicate a direct correlation between the height of the lamellae and the light irradiances received by the plants. Determination of the in vitro Photosystem II photochemical rates, with an oxygen electrode, of chloroplasts isolated from these plants, showed that P. neesii and P. subtortile exhibited higher rates than P. cirratum subsp. macrophyllum. Similarly in vivo light saturation studies with an infrared gas analyzer showed that CO(2) assimilatory rates were highest in P. neesii, even at low light intensities, suggesting a relationship between photosynthesis and light irradiance in these mosses that is different from vascular plants.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Malaysian mosses, pogonatum, sun and shade adaptation, leaf lamellae, chloroplast structure, photosynthesis, shade plants, thylakoid membranes, seasonal-changes, vascular plants, sun, mosses, perspective, bryophytes, leaves, fern,
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: miss munirah saadom
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2013 00:18
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2013 00:18
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/7729

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