Biodiesel fuel production from algae as renewable energy

Hossain, A.B.M.S. and Salleh, A. and Boyce, A.N. and Chowdhury, P. and Naqiuddin, M. (2008) Biodiesel fuel production from algae as renewable energy. American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 4 (3). pp. 250-254. ISSN 1553-3468

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Abstract

Biodiesel is biodegradable, less CO2 and NOx emissions. Continuous use of petroleum sourced fuels is now widely recognized as unsustainable because of depleting supplies and the contribution of these fuels to the accumulation of carbon dioxide in the environment. Renewable, carbon neutral, transport fuels are necessary for environmental and economic sustainability. Algae have emerged as one of the most promising sources for biodiesel production. It can be inferred that algae grown in CO 2-enriched air can be converted to oily substances. Such an approach can contribute to solve major problems of air pollution resulting from CO 2 evolution and future crisis due to a shortage of energy sources. This study was undertaken to know the proper transesterification, amount of biodiesel production (ester) and physical properties of biodiesel. In this study we used common species Oedogonium and Spirogyra to compare the amount of biodiesel production. Algal oil and biodiesel (ester) production was higher in Oedogonium than Spirogyra sp. However, biomass (after oil extraction) was higher in Spirogyra than Oedogonium sp. Sediments (glycerine, water and pigments) was higher in Spirogyra than Oedogonium sp. There was no difference of pH between Spirogyra and Oedogonium sp. These results indicate that biodiesel can be produced from both species and Oedogonium is better source than Spirogyra sp. © 2008 Science Publications.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Algal oil; Biodiesel; Glycerine; Transesterification; Synthetic fuels; Bio-diesel fuel (BDF); Renewable energy (RE); Renewable energy resources; biofuel; carbon dioxide; glycerol; alga; article; bioenergy; biofuel production; biomass; Oedogonium; renewable energy; Spirogyria; algae; Spirogyra; Spirogyra sp.
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: miss munirah saadom
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2013 04:07
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2013 03:27
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/7725

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