Electrical double-layer capacitors with plasticized polymer electrolyte based on methyl cellulose

Shuhaimi, N.E.A. and Teo, L.P. and Woo, H.J. and Majid, Siti Rohana and Arof, Abdul Kariem (2012) Electrical double-layer capacitors with plasticized polymer electrolyte based on methyl cellulose. Polymer Bulletin, 69 (7). pp. 807-826. ISSN 0170-0839

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00289-012-0763-5

Abstract

Poly(ethylene glycol) plasticized polymer electrolytes based on methyl cellulose have been prepared using the solution casting technique. Interactions between component materials in the electrolyte have been examined using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The polymer-salt spectrum indicates that interaction occurred at the oxygen atom with the shift of the C-O stretching mode. Inference from the Nyquist plot suggests that the material can be represented by a resistor connected in series with a constant phase element. Capacitance evaluated from the fitting equation representing impedance of the equivalent circuit is observed to decrease with increasing temperature. From linear sweep voltammogram, the 63.75 wt% MC-21.25 wt% NH4NO3-15 wt% PEG, which is the highest conducting plasticized sample shows good electrochemical stability. This material has been tested as an electrolyte in electrical double-layer capacitor fabricated in this study. The electrochemical properties of the capacitors have been investigated by cyclic voltammetry, charge-discharge, and self-discharge characteristics. The discharge capacitance obtained is 38 F g(-1).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Department of Physics, Faculty of Science Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
Uncontrolled Keywords: methyl cellulose; nh4no3; peg; electrolyte; ftir; eis; edlc; polyethylene oxide; ionic-conductivity; films; methylcellulose; composite; chitosan; supercapacitors; temperature; lithium; performance
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Dept of Physics
Depositing User: Miss Malisa Diana
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2013 02:51
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2019 01:15
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/7699

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